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Functional Extinction of Birds Drives Rapid Evolutionary Changes in Seed Size
The Birds and the Seeds When species are lost from ecosystems through local extinction, the pattern of ecological interactions changes. Galetti et al. (p. 1086) show how the loss of largeExpand
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Escherichia coli phylogenetic group determination and its application in the identification of the major animal source of fecal contamination
BackgroundEscherichia coli strains are commonly found in the gut microflora of warm-blooded animals. These strains can be assigned to one of the four main phylogenetic groups, A, B1, B2 and D, whichExpand
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MODULAR: Software for the Autonomous Computation of Modularity in Large Network Sets
TLDR
We introduce MODULAR to perform rapid and autonomous calculation of modularity in network sets and identify modules using two different modularity metrics widely used in the ecological networks literature. Expand
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Collapse of an ecological network in Ancient Egypt
Significance The composition of animal communities directly impacts the stability of ecosystems. Here, we use historical information of species extinctions in Egypt over 6,000 years to reconstructExpand
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Small Marine Protected Areas in Fiji Provide Refuge for Reef Fish Assemblages, Feeding Groups, and Corals
The establishment of no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) on coral reefs is a common management strategy for conserving the diversity, abundance, and biomass of reef organisms. Generally,Expand
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Indirect effects drive coevolution in mutualistic networks
Ecological interactions have been acknowledged to play a key role in shaping biodiversity. Yet a major challenge for evolutionary biology is to understand the role of ecological interactions inExpand
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Individual variation in resource use by opossums leading to nested fruit consumption
Despite recent findings on the ecological relevance of within population diet variation far less attention has been devoted to the role diet variation for ecological services. Seed dispersal is a keyExpand
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Interaction intimacy organizes networks of antagonistic interactions in different ways
TLDR
We combined analyses of network structure and food web models to test the role of interaction intimacy in determining patterns of antagonistic interactions, such as host–parasite, predator–prey and plant–herbivore interactions. Expand
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Pleistocene megafaunal interaction networks became more vulnerable after human arrival
The end of the Pleistocene was marked by the extinction of almost all large land mammals worldwide except in Africa. Although the debate on Pleistocene extinctions has focused on the roles of climateExpand
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The Spatial Structure of Antagonistic Species Affects Coevolution in Predictable Ways
A current challenge in evolutionary ecology is to assess how the spatial structure of interacting species shapes coevolution. Previous work on the geographic mosaic of coevolution has shown thatExpand
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