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THERMOREGULATORY ADAPTATIONS ALLOWING ECOLOGICAL RANGE EXPANSION BY THE PIERID BUTTERFLY, NATHALIS IOLE BOISDUVAL
An important goal of ecology is to understand the evolution of adaptations that allow organisms to expand their distributions and/or become more abundant (Andrewartha and Birch, 1954). RangeExpand
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The Lives of Butterflies
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Defense of Bracken Fern by Arthropods Attracted to AxillaryNectaries
The phenotypically variable bracken fern, Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn, is an economically important plant that establishes dense monocultural stands by spore dispersal and by spreading subterraneanExpand
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Thermoregulatory significance of thoracic lobes in the evolution of insect wings.
The evolution of broadly attached thoracic lobes could have increased the body temperature excess of ancient wingless insects by 55 percent over that of lobeless forms. The subsequent expansion ofExpand
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Bumblebee Economics.Bernd Heinrich