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Maternal and child health in Brazil: progress and challenges
TLDR
Official statistics show stable maternal mortality ratios during the past 10 years, but modelled data indicate a yearly decrease of 4%, a trend which might not have been noticeable in official reports because of improvements in death registration and the increased number of investigations into deaths of women of reproductive age. Expand
Health conditions and health-policy innovations in Brazil: the way forward
TLDR
Important improvements in health status and life expectancy are reported, which can be ascribed largely to progress in social determinants of health and to implementation of a comprehensive national health system with strong social participation. Expand
Prevalence and risk factors related to preterm birth in Brazil
TLDR
The high proportion of provider-initiated preterm birth and its association with prior cesarean deliveries and all of the studied maternal/fetal pathologies suggest that a reduction of this type of prematurity may be possible. Expand
Prevalence of syphilis in pregnancy and prenatal syphilis testing in Brazil: Birth in Brazil study
TLDR
There was an improvement in prenatal care and testing coverage rate, and the goals suggested by the World Health Organization were achieved in two regions. Expand
Neonatal near miss in the Birth in Brazil survey.
TLDR
This study used data from the Birth in Brazil survey, a nationwide hospital-based study of 24,197 postpartum women and their newborns, to identify situations with a high risk of neonatal death and neonatal near miss indicators. Expand
Healthy lifestyles and access to periodic health exams among Brazilian women.
TLDR
The results indicate the need to develop health promotion policies focused on modifying the risk habits and risk practices to health, and to stimulate preventive periodic health exams. Expand
Periodontal infection and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a systematic review of epidemiological studies.
TLDR
There was a clear heterogeneity between studies concerning measurement of periodontal disease and selection of type of adverse pregnancy outcome, and most studies did not control for confounders, thus raising serious doubts about their conclusions. Expand
Prenatal testing and prevalence of HIV infection during pregnancy: data from the “Birth in Brazil” study, a national hospital-based study
TLDR
The prevalence of HIV infection among pregnant women in Brazil remains below 1% and the coverage of testing for HIV infection is over 80%, but the regional and social inequalities in access to healthcare services and the missed opportunities for diagnoses indicate the importance of strengthening HIV infection control programs during pregnancy. Expand
Reproductive, maternal, neonatal and child health in the 30 years since the creation of the Unified Health System (SUS).
TLDR
There was a sharp fall in fertility rates; the country achieved universal access to antenatal and labor and delivery care services; access to contraception and breastfeeding improved significantly; and the large majority of health indicators improved markedly. Expand
 Prenatal care in Brazil.
TLDR
Challenges remain for improving the quality of prenatal care, with the provision of effective procedures for reducing unfavourable outcomes. Expand
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