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Non-ulcerative sexually transmitted diseases as risk factors for HIV-1 transmission in women: results from a cohort study.
OBJECTIVES The heterosexual spread of HIV-1 is occurring at different rates in different parts of the world. The transmission probability of HIV-1 per sexual contact is low, but may be greatlyExpand
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Condom promotion, sexually transmitted diseases treatment, and declining incidence of HIV-1 infection in female Zairian sex workers
The control of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV-1, among sex workers and their clients in urban areas in developing countries, is considered a valuable and cost-effective intervention toExpand
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Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis andNeisseria gonorrhoeae by Enzyme Immunoassay, Culture, and Three Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare three commercially available nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) for the detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and ChlamydiaExpand
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Multicentre study on factors determining differences in rate of spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: methods and prevalence of HIV infection
Objective: The objective of this study was to explore whether the differences in rate of spread of HIV in different regions in sub-Saharan Africa could be explained by differences in sexual behaviourExpand
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Effect of interventions to control sexually transmitted disease on the incidence of HIV infection in female sex workers
ObjectiveTo compare the seroincidence of HIV infection among female sex workers in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire before and during an intervention study to control sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and toExpand
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Outcomes of antiretroviral treatment program in Ethiopia: Retention of patients in care is a major challenge and varies across health facilities
BackgroundMany resource-limited countries are scaling up antiretroviral treatment (ART) towards universal access. However, there are few studies which evaluated outcomes of ART programs in theseExpand
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The associations between cervicovaginal HIV shedding, sexually transmitted diseases and immunosuppression in female sex workers in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
Objective:To measure the frequency and associated factors of cervicovaginal HIV shedding and to determine the impact of sexually transmitted disease (STD) treatment on HIV shedding.Expand
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The real challenges for scaling up ART in sub-Saharan Africa.
On 1 December 2003 when pilot projects had shown the feasibility of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the poorest regions of the world and the prices of antiretroviral drugs had steeply decreased theExpand
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To stem HIV in Africa, prevent transmission to young women.
Over the years community-based studies have shown that higher proportions of young women (15-19 years) in Africa are already infected with HIV compared with their male counterparts. This is likelyExpand
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High prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among male sex workers in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire: need for services tailored to their needs
Objectives To assess condom use and prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV among male sex workers (MSW) in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conductedExpand
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