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Incidence of community-acquired pneumonia in the population of four municipalities in eastern Finland.
TLDR
Between September 1, 1981, and August 31, 1982, all patients with suspected or confirmed pneumonia among the 46,979 inhabitants of four municipalities in the province of Kuopio, Finland, were reported to a pneumonia register by their attending physicians and the final diagnosis was based on radiologic or autopsy criteria.
Etiology of childhood pneumonia: serologic results of a prospective, population-based study.
TLDR
The results of this prospective, strictly population-based study confirm the importance of S. pneumoniae in the etiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children of all ages.
Rhinovirus-induced wheezing in infancy—the first sign of childhood asthma?☆☆☆
TLDR
The results present rhinoviruses as important inducers of wheezing even in infancy and call for reevaluation of the role of rhinOViruses in the development of asthma.
Clinical efficacy of group-based treatment for childhood obesity compared with routinely given individual counseling
TLDR
Family-based group treatment that stresses a health-promoting lifestyle and is given separately for parents and children, offers an effective mode of therapy to treat obese school-aged children.
Epidemiology of encephalitis in children. A prospective multicentre study
TLDR
The spectrum of encephalitis in children has changed due to vaccination programs, however, the incidence appears to be about the same due to increasing frequency of other associated old and new microbes.
In search of childhood asthma: questionnaire, tests of bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and clinical evaluation
TLDR
Symptom history still forms the basis for defining asthma in both clinical and epidemiological settings and the diagnosis of childhood asthma should not be overlooked in symptomatic cases with no objective evidence of bronchial hyperresponsiveness.
Hyponatremia in pediatric community-acquired pneumonia
TLDR
HN seems to be associated with the severity of CAP, assessed by fever, need of hospitalization and serum non-specific inflammatory markers, and no association was found with plasma glucose, type of radiological consolidation or etiology of CAP.
Bacterial coinfection in children hospitalized with respiratory syncytial virus infections
TLDR
It is concluded that a bacterial pathogen should be actively sought when managing patients with lower respiratory tract syndromes, especially in those who have evidence of RSV infection.
Respiratory morbidity 20 years after RSV infection in infancy
TLDR
In young adults, lung function abnormalities may be associated with RSV infection which required hospitalization in infancy, and also for decreased FEV% and MEF50 when these were analyzed separately, however, RSV infections in infancy was not a significant risk factor for asthma or bronchial reactivity.
Aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children treated in hospital
TLDR
It is concluded that RSV and pneumococcus are the two most common organisms causing pneumonia in children and mixed viral-bacterial aetiology is common in lower respiratory tract infections affecting children.
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