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Continuous emotional support during labor in a US hospital. A randomized controlled trial.
The continuous presence of a supportive companion (doula) during labor and delivery in two studies in Guatemala shortened labor and reduced the need for cesarean section and other interventions. In a
Effects of social support during parturition on maternal and infant morbidity.
It is suggested that constant human support may be of great benefit to women during labour and that women who have supportive female companions throughout labour have significantly fewer perinatal complications.
The adaptation of parents to the birth of an infant with a congenital malformation: a hypothetical model.
Observations of patients with a wide range of malformations suggest that early crisis counseling in the first months of life may be particularly crucial in parental attachment and adjustment.
The effect of a supportive companion on perinatal problems, length of labor, and mother-infant interaction.
There may be major perinatal benefits of constant human support during labor, and mothers who had a doula present during labor were awake more after delivery and smiled at, stroked, and talked to their babies more than the control mothers.
A comparison of intermittent and continuous support during labor: a meta-analysis.
Female relatives or friends trained as labor doulas: outcomes at 6 to 8 weeks postpartum.
Labor support by a minimally trained female friend or relative, selected by the mother-to-be, enhances the postpartum well-being of nulliparous mothers and their infants, and is a low-cost alternative to professional doulas.
Mother and infant: early emotional ties.
  • M. Klaus
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • 1 November 1998
The attachment felt between mother and infant may be biochemically modulated through oxytocin; encouraging attachment through early contact, suckling, and rooming-in has been shown to reduce abandonment.