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Prediabetes: a high-risk state for diabetes development
Prediabetes (intermediate hyperglycaemia) is a high-risk state for diabetes that is defined by glycaemic variables that are higher than normal, but lower than diabetes thresholds. 5-10% of people per… Expand
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of…
The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016 and updated the Socio-demographic Index. Expand
Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global…
All-cause age-standardised YLD rates decreased by 3·9% from 1990 to 2017; however, the all-age YLD rate increased by 7·2% while the total sum of global YLDs increased from 562 million (421–723) to 853 million (642–1100). Expand
Organizational justice: evidence of a new psychosocial predictor of health.
The justice of decision-making procedures and interpersonal relations as a psychosocial predictor of health and low organizational justice is a risk to the health of employees. Expand
Workplace bullying and the risk of cardiovascular disease and depression
- M. Kivimäki, M. Virtanen, M. Vartia, M. Elovainio, J. Vahtera, L. Keltikangas-Järvinen
- Occupational and environmental medicine
- 22 September 2003
A strong association between workplace bullying and subsequent depression suggests that bullying is an aetiological factor for mental health problems and the victims of bullying also seem to be at greater risk of cardiovascular disease, but this risk may partly be attributable to overweight. Expand
Work stress in the etiology of coronary heart disease--a meta-analysis.
- M. Kivimäki, M. Virtanen, M. Elovainio, A. Kouvonen, A. Väänänen, J. Vahtera
- Scandinavian journal of work, environment…
- 1 December 2006
Observational data suggest an average 50% excess risk for CHD among employees with work stress, as indicated by the job-strain model, the effort-reward imbalance model, and the organizational injustice model. Expand
Temporary employment and health: a review.
- M. Virtanen, M. Kivimäki, M. Joensuu, P. Virtanen, M. Elovainio, J. Vahtera
- International journal of epidemiology
- 1 June 2005
The evidence indicates an association between temporary employment and psychological morbidity and the health risk may depend on instability of temporaryemployment and the context. Expand
Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 282 causes of death in 195 countries and territories, 1980–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017
Non-communicable diseases comprised the greatest fraction of deaths, contributing to 73·4% (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 72·5–74·1) of total deaths in 2017, while communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional causes accounted for 18·6% (17·9–19·6), and injuries 8·0% (7·7–8·2). Expand
Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a…
This study estimated levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) by age group, sex, year, and location for 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or groups of risks from 1990 to 2017 and explored the relationship between development and risk exposure. Expand
Trajectories of glycaemia, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion before diagnosis of type 2 diabetes: an analysis from the Whitehall II study
Changes in glucose concentrations, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion as much as 3-6 years before diagnosis of diabetes could contribute to more-accurate risk prediction models that use repeated measures available for patients through regular check-ups. Expand