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TARGET ARTICLE: Toward a Conceptualization of Optimal Self-Esteem
In this article, I present a theoretical perspective on the nature of "optimal" self-esteem. One of my major goals is to show that optimal and high self-esteem are different from each other. HighExpand
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A Multicomponent Conceptualization of Authenticity: Theory and Research
And if by chance I wake at night and I ask you who I am, oh take me to the slaughterhouse I will wait there with the lamb. —Leonard Cohen Whatever satisfies the soul is truth. —Walt Whitman I preferExpand
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Measuring self-esteem in context: the importance of stability of self-esteem in psychological functioning.
  • M. Kernis
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality
  • 1 December 2005
In this article, I report on a research program that has focused on the joint roles of stability and level of self-esteem in various aspects of psychological functioning. Stability of self-esteemExpand
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Untangling the links between narcissism and self‐esteem: A theoretical and empirical review.
The links among narcissism, explicit (deliberate, controllable) self-esteem, and implicit (automatic, uncontrollable) self-esteem are unclear despite numerous attempts to illuminate these links. SomeExpand
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There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: the importance of stability of self-esteem.
Study 1 examined the extent to which stability and level of self-esteem predicted cognitive and emotional reactions to interpersonal feedback. Among high self-esteem individuals, instability wasExpand
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Stability and level of self-esteem as predictors of anger arousal and hostility.
We examined stability of self-esteem and level of self-esteem as predictors of dispositional tendencies to experience anger and hostility. We reasoned that individuals with unstable high self-esteemExpand
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Mindfulness as a means of reducing aggressive behavior: dispositional and situational evidence.
Recent research and theory suggest that mindfulness, or enhanced attention and awareness in the present moment [Brown and Ryan, 2003], may be linked to lower levels of ego-involvement and, as aExpand
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Secure versus fragile high self-esteem as a predictor of verbal defensiveness: converging findings across three different markers.
Why is it that many individuals verbally rationalize and distort self-esteem threatening information? We examined whether such verbal defensiveness (Feldman Barrett, Williams, & Fong, 2002) differsExpand
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Individual differences in reactivity to daily events: examining the roles of stability and level of self-esteem.
Unstable self-esteem is thought to reflect fragile and vulnerable feelings of self-worth that are affected by specific positive and negative events. Direct evidence for this contention is lacking,Expand
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