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LSST: From Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products
TLDR
The LSST design is driven by four main science themes: probing dark energy and dark matter, taking an inventory of the solar system, exploring the transient optical sky, and mapping the Milky Way.
The Palomar Transient Factory: system overview, performance and first results
The Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) is a fully-automated, wide-field survey aimed at a systematic exploration of the optical transient sky. The transient survey is performed using a new 8.1 square
Hydrogen-poor superluminous stellar explosions
TLDR
Observations of a class of luminous supernovae whose properties cannot be explained by any of the following processes: radioactive decay of freshly synthesized elements, explosion shock in the envelope of a supergiant star, and interaction between the debris and slowly moving, hydrogen-rich circumstellar material.
An Extremely Luminous Panchromatic Outburst from the Nucleus of a Distant Galaxy
TLDR
Multiwavelength observations of a unique γ-ray–selected transient detected by the Swift satellite, accompanied by bright emission across the electromagnetic spectrum, and whose properties are unlike any previously observed source are presented.
Relativistic ejecta from X-ray flash XRF 060218 and the rate of cosmic explosions
TLDR
Radio and X-ray observations of XRF 060218 (associated with supernova SN 2006aj), the second-nearest GRB identified until now, are reported, showing that this event is a hundred times less energetic but ten times more common than cosmological GRBs.
Supernova SN 2011fe from an exploding carbon–oxygen white dwarf star
TLDR
Early observations of type Ia supernova SN 2011fe in the galaxy M101 at a distance from Earth of 6.4 megaparsecs find that the exploding star was probably a carbon–oxygen white dwarf, and from the lack of an early shock it is concluded that the companion was likely a main-sequence star.
An extremely luminous X-ray outburst at the birth of a supernova
TLDR
This work reports the serendipitous discovery of a supernova at the time of the explosion, marked by an extremely luminous X-ray outburst, and attributes the outburst to the ‘break-out’ of the supernova shock wave from the progenitor star, and shows that the inferred rate of such events agrees with that of all core-collapse supernovae.
LSST Science Book, Version 2.0
A survey that can cover the sky in optical bands over wide fields to faint magnitudes with a fast cadence will enable many of the exciting science opportunities of the next decade. The Large Synoptic
A continuum of H- to He-rich tidal disruption candidates with a preference for E+A galaxies
We present the results of a Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) archival search for blue transients that lie in the magnitude range between "normal" core-collapse and superluminous supernovae (i.e., with
Illuminating gravitational waves: A concordant picture of photons from a neutron star merger
TLDR
It is demonstrated that merging neutron stars are a long-sought production site forging heavy elements by r-process nucleosynthesis, which is dissimilar to classical short gamma-ray bursts with ultrarelativistic jets.
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