LSST: From Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products
The LSST design is driven by four main science themes: probing dark energy and dark matter, taking an inventory of the solar system, exploring the transient optical sky, and mapping the Milky Way.
Relativistic ejecta from X-ray flash XRF 060218 and the rate of cosmic explosions
Radio and X-ray observations of XRF 060218 (associated with supernova SN 2006aj), the second-nearest GRB identified until now, are reported, showing that this event is a hundred times less energetic but ten times more common than cosmological GRBs.
Hydrogen-poor superluminous stellar explosions
Observations of a class of luminous supernovae whose properties cannot be explained by any of the following processes: radioactive decay of freshly synthesized elements, explosion shock in the envelope of a supergiant star, and interaction between the debris and slowly moving, hydrogen-rich circumstellar material.
An Extremely Luminous Panchromatic Outburst from the Nucleus of a Distant Galaxy
Multiwavelength observations of a unique γ-ray–selected transient detected by the Swift satellite, accompanied by bright emission across the electromagnetic spectrum, and whose properties are unlike any previously observed source are presented.
An extremely luminous X-ray outburst at the birth of a supernova
This work reports the serendipitous discovery of a supernova at the time of the explosion, marked by an extremely luminous X-ray outburst, and attributes the outburst to the ‘break-out’ of the supernova shock wave from the progenitor star, and shows that the inferred rate of such events agrees with that of all core-collapse supernovae.
Supernova SN 2011fe from an exploding carbon–oxygen white dwarf star
Early observations of type Ia supernova SN 2011fe in the galaxy M101 at a distance from Earth of 6.4 megaparsecs find that the exploding star was probably a carbon–oxygen white dwarf, and from the lack of an early shock it is concluded that the companion was likely a main-sequence star.
LSST Science Book, Version 2.0
A survey that can cover the sky in optical bands over wide fields to faint magnitudes with a fast cadence will enable many of the exciting science opportunities of the next decade. The Large Synoptic…
Illuminating gravitational waves: A concordant picture of photons from a neutron star merger
It is demonstrated that merging neutron stars are a long-sought production site forging heavy elements by r-process nucleosynthesis, which is dissimilar to classical short gamma-ray bursts with ultrarelativistic jets.
The afterglow of GRB 050709 and the nature of the short-hard γ-ray bursts
The final chapter in the long-standing mystery of the γ-ray bursts (GRBs) centres on the origin of the short-hard class of bursts, which are suspected on theoretical grounds to result from the…
The Afterglow, Energetics, and Host Galaxy of the Short-Hard Gamma-Ray Burst 051221a
We present detailed optical, X-ray, and radio observations of the bright afterglow of the short gamma-ray burst 051221a obtained with Gemini, Swift XRT, and the Very Large Array, as well as optical…