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Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a New Middle Miocene Great Ape from Spain
The new skeleton reveals that early great apes retained primitive monkeylike characters associated with a derived body structure that permits upright postures of the trunk, and suggests that Pierolapithecus is probably close to the last common ancestor of great apes and humans.
Seasonal bone growth and physiology in endotherms shed light on dinosaur physiology
- M. Köhler, Nekane Marín-Moratalla, X. Jordana, R. Aanes
- Environmental Science, BiologyNature
- 19 July 2012
This study supplies the strongest evidence so far that homeothermic endotherms arrest growth seasonally, which precludes the use of lines of arrested growth as an argument in support of ectothermy.
Morphological affinities of the Australopithecus afarensis hand on the basis of manual proportions and relative thumb length.
A Dryopithecus skeleton and the origins of great-ape locomotion
The discovery of an extraordinary partial skeleton of Dryopithecus laietanus from Can Llobateres (Spain) provides evidence that orthograde postures and locomotion appeared at least 9.5 million years ago, strengthening previous hypotheses linking both Miocene forms with Pongo.
Oreopithecus was a bipedal ape after all: evidence from the iliac cancellous architecture.
- L. Rook, L. Bondioli, M. Köhler, S. Moyà-Solà, R. Macchiarelli
- Geography, BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 20 July 1999
Digital image processing of calibrated hip bone radiographs reveals the occurrence of trabecular features, which, in humans and fossil hominids, are related to vertical support of the body weight, i.e., to bipedality.
New partial cranium of Dryopithecus lartet, 1863 (Hominoidea, Primates) from the upper Miocene of Can Llobateres, Barcelona, Spain
The analysis of the phylogenetic relationships makes us think that Dryopithecus belongs to the clade of the extant great apes and is a primitive member of the Pongo clade, and the hypothesis suggests that some of the dental and postcranial characters shared by Pongo and the African great apes are homoplasies.
First partial face and upper dentition of the Middle Miocene hominoid Dryopithecus fontani from Abocador de Can Mata (Vallès-Penedès Basin, Catalonia, NE Spain): taxonomic and phylogenetic…
- S. Moyà-Solà, M. Köhler, E. Beamud
- Geography, Environmental ScienceAmerican journal of physical anthropology
- 1 June 2009
Anatomical and morphometric analyses indicate that the new specimen shows a combination of lower facial features-hitherto unknown in Miocene hominoids-that resembles the facial pattern of Gorilla, thus providing the first nondental evidence of gorilla-like lower facial morphology in the fossil record.
Recent discoveries of Dryopithecus shed new light on evolution of great apes
The zygomatic possesses derived characters which reveal that Dryopithecus is related to the Ponginae and not to the African apes/humans, as recently suggested, and thus provide a good model of a common ancestor of all Hominidae.
A unique Middle Miocene European hominoid and the origins of the great ape and human clade
- S. Moyà-Solà, D. Alba, J. Fortuny
- Geography, BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 16 June 2009
A male partial face with mandible of a previously undescribed fossil hominid, Anoiapithecus brevirostris gen. et sp.
Orang-like manual adaptations in the fossil hominoid Hispanopithecus laietanus: first steps towards great ape suspensory behaviours
- S. Almécija, D. Alba, S. Moyà-Solà, M. Köhler
- BiologyProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 7 October 2007
The retention of powerful grasping and palmigrady suggests that the last common ancestor of hominids might have been more primitive than what can be inferred on the basis of extant taxa, suggesting that pronograde behaviours are compatible with an orthograde bodyplan suitable for climbing and suspension.