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Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a New Middle Miocene Great Ape from Spain
We describe a partial skeleton with facial cranium of Pierolapithecus catalaunicus gen. et sp. nov., a new Middle Miocene (12.5 to 13 million years ago) ape from Barranc de Can Vila 1 (Barcelona,Expand
Seasonal bone growth and physiology in endotherms shed light on dinosaur physiology
This study supplies the strongest evidence so far that homeothermic endotherms arrest growth seasonally, which precludes the use of lines of arrested growth as an argument in support of ectothermy. Expand
Response to Comment on "Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a New Middle Miocene Great Ape from Spain"
The new skeleton reveals that early great apes retained primitive monkeylike characters associated with a derived body structure that permits upright postures of the trunk, and suggests that Pierolapithecus is probably close to the last common ancestor of great apes and humans. Expand
A Dryopithecus skeleton and the origins of great-ape locomotion
The discovery of an extraordinary partial skeleton of Dryopithecus laietanus from Can Llobateres (Spain) provides evidence that orthograde postures and locomotion appeared at least 9.5 million years ago, strengthening previous hypotheses linking both Miocene forms with Pongo. Expand
Oreopithecus was a bipedal ape after all: evidence from the iliac cancellous architecture.
Digital image processing of calibrated hip bone radiographs reveals the occurrence of trabecular features, which, in humans and fossil hominids, are related to vertical support of the body weight, i.e., to bipedality. Expand
New partial cranium of Dryopithecus lartet, 1863 (Hominoidea, Primates) from the upper Miocene of Can Llobateres, Barcelona, Spain
The analysis of the phylogenetic relationships makes us think that Dryopithecus belongs to the clade of the extant great apes and is a primitive member of the Pongo clade, and the hypothesis suggests that some of the dental and postcranial characters shared by Pongo and the African great apes are homoplasies. Expand
A unique Middle Miocene European hominoid and the origins of the great ape and human clade
A male partial face with mandible of a previously undescribed fossil hominid, Anoiapithecus brevirostris gen. et sp. Expand
Orang-like manual adaptations in the fossil hominoid Hispanopithecus laietanus: first steps towards great ape suspensory behaviours
The retention of powerful grasping and palmigrady suggests that the last common ancestor of hominids might have been more primitive than what can be inferred on the basis of extant taxa, suggesting that pronograde behaviours are compatible with an orthograde bodyplan suitable for climbing and suspension. Expand
First partial face and upper dentition of the Middle Miocene hominoid Dryopithecus fontani from Abocador de Can Mata (Vallès-Penedès Basin, Catalonia, NE Spain): taxonomic and phylogenetic
Anatomical and morphometric analyses indicate that the new specimen shows a combination of lower facial features-hitherto unknown in Miocene hominoids-that resembles the facial pattern of Gorilla, thus providing the first nondental evidence of gorilla-like lower facial morphology in the fossil record. Expand
Morphological affinities of the Australopithecus afarensis hand on the basis of manual proportions and relative thumb length.
The manual proportions of Australopithecus afarensis are investigated by means of bivariate and multivariate morphometric analyses, in order to test the hypothesis that human-like proportions, including an enhanced thumb/hand relationship, originally evolved as an adaptation to stone tool-making. Expand