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Of PAMPs and Effectors: The Blurred PTI-ETI Dichotomy[OA]
Typically, pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) are considered to be conserved throughout classes of microbes and to contribute to general microbial fitness, whereas effectors are species,Expand
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Cladosporium Avr2 Inhibits Tomato Rcr3 Protease Required for Cf-2-Dependent Disease Resistance
How plants recognize pathogens and activate defense is still mysterious. Direct interaction between pathogen avirulence (Avr) proteins and plant disease resistance proteins is the exception ratherExpand
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Host resistance to a fungal tomato pathogen lost by a single base-pair change in an avirulence gene
HOST genotype specificity in interactions between biotrophic pathogens and plants in most cases complies with the gene-for-gene model1; success or failure of infection is determined by absence orExpand
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Conserved Fungal LysM Effector Ecp6 Prevents Chitin-Triggered Immunity in Plants
Fungal Defenses One of the major driving forces of evolution is the constant arms race between plants and animals and the microbial pathogens that infect them. The fungus Cladosporium fulvum causesExpand
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Specific HR-associated recognition of secreted proteins from Cladosporium fulvum occurs in both host and non-host plants.
The resistance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) to the pathogenic fungus Cladosporium fulvum complies with the gene-for-gene concept. Host resistance is based on specific recognition ofExpand
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Cladosporium fulvum Avr4 protects fungal cell walls against hydrolysis by plant chitinases accumulating during infection.
Resistance against the leaf mold fungus Cladosporium fulvum is mediated by the tomato Cf proteins which belong to the class of receptor-like proteins and indirectly recognize extracellular avirulenceExpand
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An NB-LRR protein required for HR signalling mediated by both extra- and intracellular resistance proteins.
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) Cf resistance genes confer hypersensitive response (HR)-associated resistance to strains of the pathogenic fungus Cladosporium fulvum that express the matchingExpand
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CDNA-AFLP combined with functional analysis reveals novel genes involved in the hypersensitive response.
To identify genes required for the hypersensitive response (HR), we performed expression profiling of tomato plants mounting a synchronized HR, followed by functional analysis of differentiallyExpand
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Differential accumulation of mRNAs encoding extracellular and intracellular PR proteins in tomato induced by virulent and avirulent races of Cladosporium fulvum
Tomato leaves infected by the fungal pathogen Cladosporium fulvum contain several types of intracellular and extracellular pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins. Previously, we reported the purificationExpand
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Nucleocytoplasmic Distribution Is Required for Activation of Resistance by the Potato NB-LRR Receptor Rx1 and Is Balanced by Its Functional Domains[W]
The resistance protein Rx1 exists in cytoplasmic and nuclear pools in the cell. Both subcellular pools are necessary for full PVX resistance, and the cytoplasmic compartment could be linked to PVXExpand
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