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Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities in young forest stands regenerating after clearcut logging.
The effects on the ectomycorrhizal fungal community of clearcut logging, which is used to harvest millions of hectares of ectomycorrhizal forest annually, has been studied for a number of years.… Expand
Net transfer of carbon between ectomycorrhizal tree species in the field
Different plant species can be compatible with the same species of mycorrhizal fungi, and be connected to one another by a common mycelium,. Transfer of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus, through… Expand
Exploring functional definitions of mycorrhizas: Are mycorrhizas always mutualisms?
Mycorrhizas are considered to be classic mutualisms. Here, we define mutualism as a reciprocal increase in fitness of the symbionts, and we review the evidence for mycorrhizal mutualism at the… Expand
Carbon and Nutrient Fluxes Within and Between Mycorrhizal Plants
Mycorrhizal fungi are involved in the uptake of nutrients in exchange for C from host plants, and possibly in the transfer of C and nutrients between plants. Ecto-mycorrhizal fungi (EMF) increase… Expand
Effects of clear-cut logging on the diversity and persistence of ectomycorrhizae at a subalpine forest
The mycelium extending from ectomycorrhizal fine roots is thought to be an important inoculum source for outplanted seedlings. The purpose of this study, carried out at a subalpine forest in British… Expand
A comparison of arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal Eucalyptus coccifera: growth response, phosphorus uptake efficiency and external hyphal production
SUMMARY Eucalyptus coccifera Hook., a plant capable of forming both arbuscular mycorrhizas and ectomycorrhizas, was used to compare the effects of the two mycorrhizal types on phosphorus uptake and C… Expand
THE EFFECT OF MYCORRHIZAL INFECTION ON THE RESPONSE OF BETULA PAPYRIFERA TO NICKEL AND COPPER
Summary The role of ectomycorrhizas in the metal tolerance of birch seedlings from Sudbury, Ontario was investigated. Betula papyrifera Marsh, is one of the few tree species able to survive in the… Expand
Phosphorus relationships and production of extrametrical hyphae by two types of willow ectomycorrhizas at different soil phosphorus levels.
There is much circumstantial evidence for a role of increased P uptake in the growth response of plants to ectomycorrhizas. Full response curves with and without mycorrhizal infection along a P… Expand
Ectomycorrhizal fungi contribute to soil organic matter cycling in sub-boreal forests
Soils of northern temperate and boreal forests represent a large terrestrial carbon (C) sink. The fate of this C under elevated atmospheric CO2 and climate change is still uncertain. A fundamental… Expand
The mutualism-parasitism continuum in ectomycorrhizas: a quantitative assessment using meta-analysis.
Context dependency is deemed to position the outcomes of species interactions along a continuum of mutualism to parasitism. Thus, it is imperative to understand which factors determine where a… Expand