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Freshwater rock pools: a review of habitat characteristics, faunal diversity and conservation value
SUMMARY 1. In the light of the recent surge of interest in small and often temporary wetlands as model systems for ecological and evolutionary research, this article reviews current knowledge on
Successional phases and species replacements in freshwater rock pools: towards a biological definition of ephemeral systems
TLDR
Monitoring of ephemeral rock pools in semi-arid south-eastern Botswana found that decreasing persistence shortens community development down to a critical point below which lack of time eliminates the possibility of species replacement.
Evolution of endemism on a young tropical mountain
TLDR
This investigation of the evolutionary routes to endemism on the 4,095-metre-high Mount Kinabalu in Sabah, East Malaysia finds that most of its unique biodiversity is younger than the mountain itself, and comprises a mix of immigrant pre-adapted lineages and descendants from local lowland ancestors, although substantial shifts from lower to higher vegetation zones in this latter group were rare.
Species sorting in space and time—the impact of disturbance regime on community assembly in a temporary pool metacommunity
TLDR
It is concluded that the combination of colonization–extinction dynamics and niche partitioning in space and time determines metacommunity structure in this extreme type of aquatic habitat.
Climatic control of dispersal–ecological specialization trade‐offs: a metacommunity process at the heart of the latitudinal diversity gradient?
TLDR
It is argued that climate mediates a dispersal–ecological specialization trade-off at the metacommunity level that leads to latitudinal trends in dispersal ability, ecological specialization, range sizes, speciation and species richness, ultimately driving the latitudinal diversity gradient.
Toward a Global Phylogeny of the “Living Fossil" Crustacean Order of the Notostraca
TLDR
A molecular phylogeny of the Notostraca was constructed using model based phylogenetic methods and it was concluded that, although some present day tadpole shrimp species closely resemble fossil specimens as old as 250 mya, no molecular support was found for an ancient (pre) Mesozoic radiation.
Local structuring factors of invertebrate communities in ephemeral freshwater rock pools and the influence of more permanent water bodies in the region
TLDR
The findings indicate that aquatic invertebrate communities in the ephemeral rock pools are mainly structured through habitat permanence, possibly linked with biotic interactions and primary production.
Hydrological stability drives both local and regional diversity patterns in rock pool metacommunities
TLDR
This study provides convincing mechanistic support for the climate stability hypothesis as a potential explanation for the LDG in this system and indicates that when there is enough time for dispersal and colonization, regional processes can be relatively unimportant compared to local processes to explain large scale diversity patterns.
Pools ‘on the rocks’: freshwater rock pools as model system in ecological and evolutionary research
TLDR
Due to the simple morphometry of rock pool basins and the lack of any groundwater interactions, rock pool hydrologies are simple allowing to reliably reconstruct the disturbance regime against which patterns of variation in life histories, population genetics, species diversity and community structure can be interpreted.
Anostracan monopolisation of early successional phases in temporary waters
TLDR
The length of the hydrocycle restrains the development of communities in temporary aquatic habitats, but early hatching and competitive superi- ority may help anostracans in temporary pools to monopolize the habitat with respect to small and/or other small feeding invertebrates.
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