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Personality, chronic medical morbidity, and health-related quality of life among older persons.
In conclusion, personality characteristics such as neuroticism, mastery, and self-efficacy influence the reported levels of HRQL, but the extent to which this is due to an influence of personality on true versus perceived levels ofHRQL is unclear.
The effect of acute stress on memory depends on word valence.
Assessment of preoperative anxiety: comparison of measures in patients awaiting surgery for breast cancer.
It is concluded that the scales were equivalent in their assessment of anxiety before surgery, but that reference to normative data was important in establishing such equivalence and in determining the patient's state.
Engaged lifestyle and cognitive function in middle and old-aged, non-demented persons: a reciprocal association?
It is concluded that an engaged lifestyle and cognitive function mutually influence each other in middle and old aged, non-demented persons and this reciprocal association is characterized by simultaneous positive effects of leisure-time activities and good cognitive function on cognitive function and leisure- time activities, respectively.
Subjective sleep problems in later life as predictors of cognitive decline. Report from the Maastricht Ageing Study (MAAS)
Although biological sleep criteria seem to be associated with cognitive changes in older people, it is not clear if subjective sleep parameters are related to cognitive decline in later life.
Implicit memory in Alzheimer's disease: A meta-analysis.
Meta-analysis was performed on 33 articles (36 experiments involving 564 Alzheimer's disease [AD] patients and 592 controls). Overall, AD patients were significantly impaired on implicit memory
The random number generation task: Psychometric properties and normative data of an executive function task in a mixed sample
The results indicate that the RNG task has modest to acceptable psychometric properties, which primarily taps executive subfunctions, which are affected by psychopathological or neurological deficits.
Detecting coached feigning using the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (SIMS).
Results show that, although the accuracy of both instruments appears to be somewhat reduced by a mix of symptom coaching and test coaching, the TOMM and SIMS are relatively resistant to different kinds of coaching.