• Publications
  • Influence
Biochemical verification of tobacco use and cessation.
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Comparison of tests used to distinguish smokers from nonsmokers.
Questionnaire and biochemical measures of smoking were studied in 211 hospital outpatients. Eleven different tests of smoke intake were compared for their ability to categorize smokers and nonsmokersExpand
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Filter ventilation and nicotine content of tobacco in cigarettes from Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States
OBJECTIVES The purpose was to determine filter ventilation and the nicotine content of tobacco and their contribution to machine-smoked yields of cigarettes from the United States, Canada, and theExpand
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Sex differences in the association of socioeconomic status with obesity.
OBJECTIVES This study investigated socioeconomic predictors of obesity in men and women. METHODS Data from the 1996 Health Survey for England were used to compare odds ratios for obesity byExpand
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Stress and dietary practices in adolescents.
Baseline data from the Health and Behavior in Teenagers Study (HABITS) were used to investigate associations between stress and dietary practices in a socioeconomically and ethnically diverse sampleExpand
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Randomised controlled trial of nasal nicotine spray in smoking cessation
Studies with nicotine chewing gum and nicotine skin patches indicate that nicotine replacement can help people to give up smoking. The rapidity with which nicotine is absorbed when given as a nasalExpand
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Expired air carbon monoxide: a simple breath test of tobacco smoke intake.
the buzzer alarm, and the figure for hospital B was 33 °'%. By far the commonest difficulty was failure to awake to the alarm. Most of these patients stopped using the buzzer altogether because ofExpand
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Social patterning of individual health behaviours: The case of cigarette smoking
© Oxford University Press, 2014. This chapter focuses on cigarette smoking as the individual health behaviour with the single largest impact on health inequalities. Drawing on data from the UK, aExpand
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Elimination of cotinine from body fluids: implications for noninvasive measurement of tobacco smoke exposure.
Cotinine elimination from plasma, saliva, and urine was studied over 11 days in five subjects (three nonsmokers and two occasional smokers). Half-lives for cotinine averaged 16-19 hours in theExpand
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Prevalence, diagnosis and relation to tobacco dependence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a nationally representative population sample
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth most common cause of death worldwide. It is caused primarily by cigarette smoking. Given its importance, it is remarkable thatExpand
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