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Assessing the complex sponge microbiota: core, variable and species-specific bacterial communities in marine sponges
This global analysis represents the most comprehensive study of bacterial symbionts in sponges to date and provides novel insights into the complex structure of these unique associations.
Putative cross-kingdom horizontal gene transfer in sponge (Porifera) mitochondria
It is suggested that the horizontal gene transfer of a mitochondrial intron was facilitated by a symbiotic relationship between fungus and sponge, and an ecological relationship between sponge and fungus is suggested based on the genomic analysis.
A quick, easy and non‐intrusive method for underwater volume and surface area evaluation of benthic organisms by 3D computer modelling
It is found that in situ volume and SA measurements created by 3D modelling enable easy, fast and non-intrusive studies of benthic aquatic organisms, without removing the subject organisms from their habitat, thus enabling continuous study of natural growth over extended time periods.
Virus predation by sponges is a new nutrient‐flow pathway in coral reef food webs
The removal efficiency of viral particles by the coral reef sponge Negombata magnifica was measured and it was found that significant amounts of nutrients are transported from virus particles to higher trophic levels via sponges.
Diversity and potential antifungal properties of fungi associated with a Mediterranean sponge
It is advocated that Psammocinia, and other sponge genera, may be a prime niche for discovering new fungal species as well as novel anti-fungal compounds from fungal sources.
Chemical versus mechanical bioerosion of coral reefs by boring sponges - lessons from Pione cf. vastifica
It is suggested that chips, the most obvious erosion products of boring sponges, represent only a small fraction of boring sponge bioerosion capacity.
Oxygen consumption by a coral reef sponge
It was found that only a relatively minor amount of energy is potentially available for growth, and thus might be a factor in controlling the growth rate of N. magnifica in oligotrophic coral reefs.
16S rRNA Phylogeny of Sponge-Associated Cyanobacteria
ABSTRACT Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA sequences of sponge-associated cyanobacteria showed them to be polyphyletic, implying that they derived from multiple independent symbiotic events. Most of
Chemical warfare on coral reefs: Sponge metabolites differentially affect coral symbiosis in situ
In situ pulse amplitude modulated fluorometry is demonstrated that secondary metabolites present in the tissues of some Caribbean sponge species have rapid allelopathic effects on the symbiotic algae that live in coral tissues and provide the energy for coral growth and reef formation.