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Radiative transfer for inhomogeneous atmospheres: RRTM, a validated correlated-k model for the longwave
A rapid and accurate radiative transfer model (RRTM) for climate applications has been developed and the results extensively evaluated. The current version of RRTM calculates fluxes and cooling ratesExpand
Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes
Abstract The radiative transfer models developed at AER are being used extensively for a wide range of applications in the atmospheric sciences. This communication is intended to provide a coherentExpand
Radiative forcing by long‐lived greenhouse gases: Calculations with the AER radiative transfer models
A primary component of the observed, recent climate change is the radiative forcing from increased concentrations of long-lived greenhouse gases (LLGHGs). Effective simulation of anthropogenicExpand
Line-by-Line Calculations of Atmospheric Fluxes and Cooling Rates: Application to Water Vapor
A model for the accelerated calculation of clear sky fluxes based on the line-by-line radiance model FASCODE has been developed and applied to the calculation of cooling rates for atmospheric waterExpand
Line‐by‐line calculation of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates: 2. Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide and the halocarbons
A line-by-line model (LBLRTM) has been applied to the calculation of clear-sky longwave fluxes and cooling rates for atmospheres including CO2, O3, CH4, N2O, CCl4, CFC-11, CFC-12, and CFC-22 inExpand
Toward a Minimal Representation of Aerosols in Climate Models: Description and Evaluation in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5
Abstract. A modal aerosol module (MAM) has been developed for the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 (CAM5), the atmospheric component of the Community Earth System Model version 1 (CESM1). MAM isExpand
Impact of an improved longwave radiation model, RRTM, on the energy budget and thermodynamic properties of the NCAR community climate model, CCM3
The effect of introducing a new longwave radiation parameterization, RRTM, on the energy budget and thermodynamic properties of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) community climateExpand
Impact of a New Radiation Package, McRad, in the ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System
Abstract A new radiation package, “McRad,” has become operational with cycle 32R2 of the Integrated Forecasting System (IFS) of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF). McRadExpand
Models of Transportation and Land Use Change: A Guide to the Territory
Modern urban regions are highly complex entities. Despite the difficulty of modeling every relevant aspect of an urban region, researchers have produced a rich variety of models dealing withExpand
Measuring Nonmotorized Accessibility: Issues, Alternatives, and Execution
While the transportation planning literature contains many examples of the calculation of measures of accessibility for urban areas, these measures are largely restricted to motorized modes and to aExpand