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Bone biology and the clinical implications for osteoporosis.
TLDR
Osteoporosis is reviewed, including recent literature related to the role of exercise in prevention and treatment of this disease and biomechanical principles and theories are reviewed. Expand
Longitudinal study of dental development in chimpanzees of known chronological age: implications for understanding the age at death of Plio-Pleistocene hominids.
TLDR
New data on chimpanzees documenting developmental differences in the dentitions of modern humans and apes are presented and their significance in light of recent controversies over the human or pongid nature of australopithecine dental development are discussed. Expand
Reappraisal of the vomeronasal system of catarrhine primates: Ontogeny, morphology, functionality, and persisting questions
TLDR
These recent findings demonstrate that previous investigations on some catarrhine primates may have missed the VNO and underestimated the extent of variability, and are needed to consider phylogenetic implications of VNO variability and the association of craniofacial form and VNO anatomic position in primates. Expand
Development of a strain of rabbits with congenital simple nonsyndromic coronal suture synostosis. Part II: Somatic and craniofacial growth patterns.
TLDR
Results revealed that by 1.5 weeks of age the completely synostosed animals already exhibited brachycephalic cranial vaults, midfacial hypoplasia, and increased flattening of the cranial base compared to unaffected siblings. Expand
Development of a strain of rabbits with congenital simple nonsyndromic coronal suture synostosis. Part I: Breeding demographics, inheritance pattern, and craniofacial anomalies.
TLDR
Attempts to breed this animal and establish a strain of craniosynostotic rabbits are presented and results revealed that gestational time and litter size averages were consistent with those reported for the strain, although the average litter size decreased with increased inbreeding. Expand
Three‐dimensional morphometric analysis of craniofacial shape in the unaffected relatives of individuals with nonsyndromic orofacial clefts: A possible marker for genetic susceptibility
TLDR
Craniofacial shape differences characterizing unaffected relatives are partly sex‐specific and are in broad agreement with previous reports, suggesting that a quantitative assessment of the craniof facial phenotype may allow for the identification of susceptible individuals within nonsyndromic cleft families. Expand
Developmental relationship between premaxillary-maxillary suture patency and anterior nasal spine morphology.
TLDR
Findings from the present study suggest that the distinctive racial variations in midfacial profiles are established early in fetal development (by the second trimester) and maintained postnatally, consonant with associations predicted by a septal-mediated traction model of midf facial growth. Expand
The Maxillary Sinus in Three Genera of New World Monkeys: Factors That Constrain Secondary Pneumatization
TLDR
These findings support the hypothesis that secondary pneumatization is a novel, opportunistic growth mechanism that removes “unneeded” bone. Expand
Heat stress, fluctuating asymmetry and prenatal selection in the laboratory rat.
TLDR
Prenatal selection with differential survival is suggested as a possible explanation for differences found between the experimental and control animals. Expand
Histological definition of the vomeronasal organ in humans and chimpanzees, with a comparison to other primates
TLDR
The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a chemosensory structure that has morphological indications of functionality in strepsirhine and New World primates examined to date and remarkable morphological/histochemical variability in the VNO and nasopalatine regions among the primate species examined is revealed. Expand
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