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Molecular Ecology and Natural History of Simian Foamy Virus Infection in Wild-Living Chimpanzees
The first comprehensive survey of simian foamy viruses infection in free-ranging chimpanzees using newly developed, fecal-based assays indicates that SFVcpz is widely distributed among all chimpanzee subspecies and is transmitted predominantly by horizontal routes.
Current evidence for self-medication in primates: A multidisciplinary perspective
- M. Huffman
Insight is provided into the evolution of medicinal behavior in modern humans and the possible nature of self-medication in early hominids with the existence of an underlying mechanism for the recognition and use of plants and soils with common medicinal or functional properties.
Monkeys in the Middle: Parasite Transmission through the Social Network of a Wild Primate
- Andrew J. J. MacIntosh, A. Jacobs, +4 authors Alexander D. Hernandez
- Biology, MedicinePloS one
- 5 December 2012
Social mediated exposure appears to be important for direct transmission of nematode parasites among females in a wild group of Japanese macaques, lending support to the idea that a classical fitness trade-off inherent to living in groups can exist.
Descriptive epidemiology of fatal respiratory outbreaks and detection of a human‐related metapneumovirus in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Mahale Mountains National Park, Western Tanzania
Preliminary evidence is provided that the causative agent associated with these illnesses is viral and contagious, possibly of human origin; and that, possibly more than one agent may be circulating in the population.
Animal self-medication and ethno-medicine: exploration and exploitation of the medicinal properties of plants
- M. Huffman
- Medicine, BiologyProceedings of the Nutrition Society
- 1 May 2003
In light of the growing resistance of parasites and pathogens to synthetic drugs, the study of animal self-medication and ethno-medicine offers a novel line of investigation to provide ecologically-sound methods for the treatment of parasites using plant-based medicines in populations and their livestock living in the tropics.
Self-Medicative Behavior in the African Great Apes: An Evolutionary Perspective into the Origins of Human Traditional Medicine
- M. Huffman
- 1 August 2001
By observing a similarly sick young porcupineingest the roots of Mulengelele, a growing body of scientific evidence has been gathered in support of animal self-medication, or zoopharmacognosy (Huffman 1997); and putting these lessons ofevolutionary medicine to practical use for humans.
Noninvasive Monitoring of the Health of Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii in the Kibale National Park, Uganda
- S. Krief, M. Huffman, +4 authors R. Wrangham
- MedicineInternational Journal of Primatology
- 1 April 2005
Using multiple parasitological techniques to compare their efficacy in detecting parasitic infection and to increase the power of detecting a wide range of parasites at a more sensitive level to detect changes in health may also provide important insights into the potential effects of self-medicative behaviors.
Factors Affecting Party Size in Chimpanzees of the Mahale Mountains
- A. Matsumoto-Oda, K. Hosaka, M. Huffman, Kenji Kawanaka
- BiologyInternational Journal of Primatology
- 1 December 1998
It is suggested that seasonal variation in party size of Mahale chimpanzees maintains a relatively consistent annual cycle and the factors assumed to affect party sizes are fruit availability and the presence of cycling females with maximal anogenital swelling.
Use of Vernonia amygdalina by wild chimpanzee: Possible roles of its bitter and related constituents
Antiparasitic activity tests of these constituents together with quantitative analyses of the major active constituents, vernodalin and vernonioside B1, supported the hypothesis that Mahale chimpanzees control parasite-related diseases by ingesting the pith of this plant found to contain several steroid-related constituents.
Seasonal trends in intestinal nematode infection and medicinal plant use among chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains, Tanzania
O. stephanostomum (95%) infections were associated significantly more frequently with medicinal plant use than eitherT.