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An introduction to simple climate models used in the IPCC second assessment report
Ocean Carbon Pumps: Analysis of Relative Strengths and Efficiencies in Ocean‐Driven Atmospheric CO2 Changes
Advanced Technology Paths to Global Climate Stability: Energy for a Greenhouse Planet
- M. Hoffert, K. Caldeira, +15 authors TomM. L. Wigley
- Environmental Science, MedicineScience
- 1 November 2002
It is concluded that a broad range of intensive research and development is urgently needed to produce technological options that can allow both climate stabilization and economic development.
Energy implications of future stabilization of atmospheric CO2 content
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change calls for “stabilization of greenhouse-gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic…
Deriving global climate sensitivity from palaeoclimate reconstructions
To assess the future impact of anthropogenic greenhouse gases on global climate, we need a reliable estimate of the sensitivity of the Earth's climate to changes in radiative forcing. Climate…
Climate Sensitivity Uncertainty and the Need for Energy Without CO2 Emission
Unless climate sensitivity is low and acceptable amounts of climate change are high, climate stabilization will require a massive transition to CO2 emission–free energy technologies.
The role of deep sea heat storage in the secular response to climatic forcing
The influence of the world oceans on climatic response is considered here with emphasis on the heat transferred to waters beneath the well-mixed surface layer and to polar bottom water forming zones.…
Effects of Subgrid-Scale Mixing Parameterizations on Simulated Distributions of Natural 14C, Temperature, and Salinity in a Three-Dimensional Ocean General Circulation Model
Abstract The effects of parameterizations of subgrid-scale mixing on simulated distributions of natural 14C, temperature, and salinity in a three-dimensional ocean general circulation model are…
Net-zero emissions energy systems
The special challenges associated with an energy system that does not add any CO2 to the atmosphere (a net-zero emissions energy system) are reviewed and prominent technological opportunities and barriers for eliminating and/or managing emissions related to the difficult-to-decarbonize services are discussed.
Atmospheric response to deep-sea injections of fossil-fuel carbon dioxide
The possibility of controlling atmospheric carbon dioxide accumulation and attendant climatic effects from fossil-fuel burning by diverting a fraction of the combustion product and injecting it into…