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Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4–12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature
TLDR
Since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully measured studies which take account of child appetite and temperament that the association between parenting style, feeding style, specific feeding practices, and child obesity will be understood.
Set points, settling points and some alternative models: theoretical options to understand how genes and environments combine to regulate body adiposity
TLDR
Two additional models are discussed – the general intake model and the dual intervention point model – that address the issue of how body fatness is controlled and might offer better ways to understand how body weight is controlled.
Situational effects on meal intake: A comparison of eating alone and eating with others
TLDR
Food intake can be enhanced when attention to food and self-monitoring are impaired during distraction, however, this effect is moderated when eating with strangers.
Older adults and patients in need of nutritional support: review of current treatment options and factors influencing nutritional intake.
TLDR
The product factors identified here suggest that especially small volume, energy and nutrient dense ONS can be effective to improve nutritional intake.
Stress and eating: the effects of ego-threat and cognitive demand on food intake in restrained and emotional eaters
TLDR
A positive association between reaction time and subsequent intake in all conditions for high restraint/low emotional eaters provided support for the limited capacity hypothesis, and enhanced intake in emotional eater is proposed to relate to escape from self-awareness.
The impact of a school-based nutrition education intervention on dietary intake and cognitive and attitudinal variables relating to fruits and vegetables
TLDR
It is concluded that a whole school approach to increasing intakes of fruits and vegetables has a modest but significant effect on cognitive and attitudinal variables and on fruit intake.
An obesity-associated FTO gene variant and increased energy intake in children.
TLDR
The FTO variant that confers a predisposition to obesity does not appear to be involved in the regulation of energy expenditure but may have a role in the control of food intake and food choice, suggesting a link to a hyperphagic phenotype or a preference for energy-dense foods.
Emotions and eating. Self-reported and experimentally induced changes in food intake under stress
TLDR
It is suggested that the type and variety of foods offered influences the link between stress and eating in laboratory settings, with a view to informing potential interventions for stress-related eating.
The specificity of satiety: The influence of foods of different macronutrient content on the development of satiety
TLDR
Differential effects of the preloads were observed in subjective ratings of hunger, fullness, preferences and subsequent food intake, but there was no indication that satiety was macronutrient-specific.
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