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Dopamine and Octopamine Differentiate between Aversive and Appetitive Olfactory Memories in Drosophila
- M. Schwärzel, M. Monastirioti, H. Scholz, Florence Friggi-Grelin, S. Birman, M. Heisenberg
- Medicine, Biology
- The Journal of Neuroscience
- 19 November 2003
The catecholamines play a major role in the regulation of behavior. Here we investigate, in the fly Drosophila melanogaster, the role of dopamine and octopamine (the presumed arthropod homolog of… Expand
Mushroom body memoir: from maps to models
- M. Heisenberg
- Biology, Medicine
- Nature Reviews Neuroscience
- 1 April 2003
Genetic intervention in the fly Drosophila melanogaster has provided strong evidence that the mushroom bodies of the insect brain act as the seat of a memory trace for odours. This localization gives… Expand
Localization of a short-term memory in Drosophila.
Memories are thought to be due to lasting synaptic modifications in the brain. The search for memory traces has relied predominantly on determining regions that are necessary for the process.… Expand
Neuronal architecture of the central complex in Drosophila melanogaster
SummaryOn the basis of 1200 Golgi-impregnated brains the structure of the central complex of Drosophila melanogaster was analyzed at the cellular level. The four substructures of the central complex… Expand
Drosophila mushroom body mutants are deficient in olfactory learning.
- M. Heisenberg, A. Borst, S. Wagner, D. Byers
- Biology, Medicine
- Journal of neurogenetics
- 1 February 1985
Two Drosophila mutants are described in which the connections between the input to and the output from the mushroom bodies is largely interrupted. In all forms of the flies (larva, imago, male,… Expand
Dissection of the Peripheral Motion Channel in the Visual System of Drosophila melanogaster
In the eye, visual information is segregated into modalities such as color and motion, these being transferred to the central brain through separate channels. Here, we genetically dissect the… Expand
Distinct memory traces for two visual features in the Drosophila brain
The fly Drosophila melanogaster can discriminate and remember visual landmarks. It analyses selected parts of its visual environment according to a small number of pattern parameters such as size,… Expand
A higher control center of locomotor behavior in the Drosophila brain
In order to elucidate the behavioral significance of the central complex (CC), we have examined walking in 15 Drosophila mutant strains belonging to eight independent X-linked genes that affect the… Expand
Associative odor learning in Drosophila abolished by chemical ablation of mushroom bodies.
The corpora pedunculata, or mushroom bodies (MBs), in the brain of Drosophila melanogaster adults consist of approximately 2500 parallel Kenyon cell fibers derived from four MB neuroblasts.… Expand