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Absorption-enhancing mechanism of sodium caprate and decanoylcarnitine in Caco-2 cells.
Results suggest that C10 releases calcium from intracellular stores via activation of phospholipase C in plasma membrane through activation of calmodulin-dependent actin microfilament, followed by dilatation of the paracellular route.
Absorption-enhancing mechanism of EDTA, caprate, and decanoylcarnitine in Caco-2 cells.
The mechanism of paracellular expansion by absorption enhancers, e.g., EDTA, sodium caprate (C10), and decanoylcarnitine (DC), was studied, the focus being on the process of actin microfilament
Lipopolysaccharide transport system across colonic epithelial cells in normal and infective rat.
The possibility that colonic epithelial cells contain specific transport systems for LPS, one of which shows some degree of substrate specificity with the interaction of CD14 and/or that of TLR4 is suggested.
Enhancement of Colonic Drug Absorption by the Transcellular Permeation Route
It is suggested that caprate enhances permeability via the transcellular route through membrane perturbation through perturbing to the membrane.
Mechanistic analysis for drug permeation through intestinal membrane.
For drug absorption, intestinal drug permeability's through both the paracellular and transcellular routes were analyzed, suggesting changes in TJ as the membrane structure and P-gp as the membranes function are important factors controlling intestinal membrane transport.
Transport of acetaminophen conjugates in isolated rat hepatocytes.
Changes in the amount of acetaminophen, its glucuronide, and its sulfate in the hepatocytes and medium as a function of time simulated according to the model closely agreed with those actually observed.