An integrated badnavirus is prevalent in fig germplasm.
Evidence that FBV-1 is integrated in the fig genome is presented and discussed and its wide distribution in the United States is suggested.
Surveillance on A/H5N1 virus in domestic poultry and wild birds in Egypt
The findings indicated broad circulation of the endemic A/H5N1 among poultry in 2009 in Egypt and continuous surveillance, tracing the source of live birds in the markets and integration of multifaceted strategies and global collaboration are needed to control the spread of the virus in Egypt.
Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 from Egypt escapes vaccine-induced immunity but confers clinical protection against a heterologous clade 2.2.1 Egyptian isolate.
Protection conferred by recombinant turkey herpesvirus avian influenza (rHVT-H5) vaccine in the rearing period in two commercial layer chicken breeds in Egypt
A single rHVT-H5 hatchery vaccination conferred a high level of protection for a relatively extended period and could be an important tool for future A/H5N1 prevention/control in endemic countries.
Detection of Olive-Infecting Viruses in the Mediterranean Basin
Investigations were conducted for gathering information on the prevalence and distribution of olive viruses in the Mediterranean basin based on the presence of double stranded RNA (dsRNAs) and the three nepoviruses, OLYaV and OLV-1.
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus (H5N8) Clade 184.108.40.206 Infection in Migratory Birds, Egypt
We isolated highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N8) of clade 220.127.116.11 from the common coot (Fulica atra) in Egypt, documenting its introduction into Africa through migratory birds. This virus…
Simultaneous detection and identification of four pome fruit viruses by one-tube pentaplex RT-PCR.
Diversifying evolution of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza virus in Egypt from 2006 to 2011
In both sublineages, a number of positively selected amino acids, different glycosylation patterns and variations in the polybasic proteolytic cleavage site were observed.
Distribution of avian influenza H5N1 viral RNA in tissues of AI-vaccinated and unvaccinated contact chickens after experimental infection
There is a need for proper selection of vaccines and their routine evaluation against newly emergent field viruses and rigorous preventive measures should be put in place in order to minimize the public-health risks of avian influenza at the human-animal interface.
Multiple introductions of reassorted highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses (H5N8) clade 18.104.22.168b causing outbreaks in wild birds and poultry in Egypt.