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The role of industrial fisheries and oceanographic change in the decline of North Sea black‐legged kittiwakes
Summary 1 Marine predators can be adversely affected by human activities in several potentially interacting ways. Industrial fisheries can affect predator populations adversely throughExpand
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Scale‐dependent climate signals drive breeding phenology of three seabird species
Breeding at the right time is essential for animals in seasonal climates in order to ensure that the energy demands of reproduction, particularly the nutritional requirements of growing young,Expand
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Low energy values of fish as a probable cause of a major seabird breeding failure in the North Sea
Many seabirds in the North Sea feed on lesser sandeels Ammodytes marinus during the breed- ing season. Unprecedented breeding failures were recorded at many seabird colonies on the east coast ofExpand
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The demographic impact of extreme events: stochastic weather drives survival and population dynamics in a long-lived seabird.
1. Most scenarios for future climate change predict increased variability and thus increased frequency of extreme weather events. To predict impacts of climate change on wild populations, we need toExpand
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Subantarctic Macquarie Island: Environment and Biology.
List of figures List of tables Preface 1. Introduction 2. Discovery and human occupation 3. The island and its setting 4. The island's origin and geology 5. Geomorphology and quaternary history 6.Expand
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Modelling responses of herring gull and lesser black-backed gull populations to reduction of reproductive output: implications for control measures.
1. Between 1984 and 1988 breeding output of herring gulls Larus argentatus and lesser black-backed gulls L. fuscus on the Isle of May, Scotland was severely restricted by the repeated destruction ofExpand
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Variation in the calorific value and total energy content of the lesser sandeel (Ammodytes marinus) and other fish preyed on by seabirds
Wet and dry calorific values (energy densities) and total energy content of lesser sandeel Ammodytes marinus, sprat Sprattus sprattus, Atlantic herring Clupea harengus, whiting Merlangius merlangus,Expand
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Reproductive Senescence in a Long‐Lived Seabird: Rates of Decline in Late‐Life Performance Are Associated with Varying Costs of Early Reproduction
Evolutionary theories of senescence predict that rates of decline in performance parameters should be shaped by early‐life trade‐offs between reproduction and somatic maintenance. Here we investigateExpand
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ASPECTS OF THE BREEDING BIOLOGY OF THE GULLS: LARUS ARGENTATUS, L. FUSCUS AND L. MARINUS
Summary Minimal weights of testes in Larus argentatus, L. fuscus and L. marinus were found to occur during November and December, and minimal ovary weights between August and January. Details areExpand
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Seabird monitoring handbook for Britain and Ireland: a compilation of methods for survey and monitoring of breeding seabirds
Designed for fieldworkers, this handbook introduces the science of monitoring seabird colonies, a discussion of general methods, and detailed instructions for monitoring gulls, terns, auks,Expand
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