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An insight into the salivary transcriptome and proteome of the soft tick and vector of epizootic bovine abortion, Ornithodoros coriaceus.
The results indicate that each genus of hematophagous arthropods studied to date evolved unique protein families that assist blood feeding, thus characterizing potentially new pharmacologically active components or antimicrobial agents.
Cytokine signatures in atherosclerotic claudicants.
Elevated levels of TNF-alpha and IL-6, reportedly associated with recurrent and future myocardial infarction, were reduced by phlebotomy and the utility of the iron/inflammatory hypotheses will ultimately relate to clinical outcomes obtained prospectively by the FeAST trial.
Clinical evaluation of the efficacy of inoculating cattle with a vaccine containing Tritrichomonas foetus.
To test the efficacy of a polyvalent Tritrichomonas foetus vaccine, 130 nulliparous heifers were randomly assigned to either receive the test T foetus vaccine or to serve as nonvaccinated controls.
Identification of the etiologic agent of epizootic bovine abortion in field-collected Ornithodoros coriaceus Koch ticks.
Comparative analysis of dissected ticks provided strong evidence that the salivary gland was the most common location of aoEBA in field-collected ticks, and no significant correlations were identified between the frequency of infection and tick weight, suggesting that increasing tick age and increased number of blood meals did not increase infectivity.
Histone modifications in simian virus 40 and in nucleoprotein complexes containing supercoiled viral DNA
The histones from SV40 virions and nucleoprotein complexes were acetylated to significantly higher levels than those of infected host cells, and no apparent differences in phosphorylation of the major histone groups were observed.
Growth and enrichment medium for detection and isolation of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in cattle feces.
The authors' medium supported growth of and enrichment for a wide range of STEC isolates and tested for toxin production using Vero (African green monkey kidney) cell toxicity assay and agglutination immunoassay.
Diagnosis of Epizootic Bovine Abortion in Nevada and Identification of the Vector
The presence of EBA as a cause of late-term abortion in Nevada is established and identification of the EBA tick vector, O. coriaceus, in the same areas as the abortions provides strong evidence that the disease is endemic.
Verotoxin-Producing Escherichia coli in Culled Beef Cows Grazing Rangeland Forages
Assessment of prevalence of verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) in culled beef cows in Nevada ranches at the time of shipping to slaughter found that some of these VTEC serotypes are known to cause human illnesses and it is beneficial to identify VTEC-positive cows before slaughter.
Synthesis of cytoplasmic membrane-associated DNA in lymphocyte nucleus.
The unique species of DNA associated with the cytoplasmic membranes of human lymphocytes in culture is synthesized in the nucleus during the S growth phase and then transported to the plasma membrane.
Investigations of the incidence of bovine trichomoniasis in nevada and of the efficacy of immunizing cattle with vaccines containing Tritrichomonas foetus.
Both Tritrichomonas foetus vaccines appeared to protect heifers from fetal loss due to trichomoniasis (P<0.05) and immunized animals became infected with T .