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Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits.
TLDR
This study provides a phylogenetic synthesis for the Fungi and a framework for future phylogenetic studies on fungi and the impact of this newly discovered phylogenetic structure on supraordinal classifications is discussed.
Species-specific structural and functional diversity of bacterial communities in lichen symbioses
TLDR
The results indicate that bacteria can form highly structured, biofilm-like assemblages on fungal surfaces and reach considerable abundances of up to 108 cells per gram fresh weight in alpine environments.
A class-wide phylogenetic assessment of Dothideomycetes
TLDR
A genomic comparison of 6 dothideomycete genomes with other fungi finds a high level of unique protein associated with the class, supporting its delineation as a separate taxon.
Genome sequencing of four Aureobasidium pullulans varieties: biotechnological potential, stress tolerance, and description of new species
TLDR
The differences between these four varieties of A. pullulans are large enough to justify their redefinition as separate species and the availability of the genome sequences of the four Aureobasidium species should improve their biotechnological exploitation and promote the understanding of their stress-tolerance mechanisms, diverse lifestyles, and pathogenic potential.
Lichens—a promising source of bioactive secondary metabolites
TLDR
A global approach of the lichen metabolomic features appears to be essential in developing new and viable biotechnological processes which could afford suitable amounts of unique lichen compounds.
In situ analysis of the bacterial community associated with the reindeer lichen Cladonia arbuscula reveals predominance of Alphaproteobacteria.
TLDR
The diversity and spatial pattern of the bacterial community hosted by the shrub-like reindeer lichen Cladonia arbuscula were investigated by general DNA staining and FISH and Sequencing of excised bands revealed the dominance of Acetobacteraceae.
Exploring functional contexts of symbiotic sustain within lichen-associated bacteria by comparative omics
TLDR
The findings showed the potential of lichen-associated bacteria to interact with the fungal as well as algal partner to support health, growth and fitness of their hosts.
Revisiting photobiont diversity in the lichen family Verrucariaceae (Ascomycota)
TLDR
The diversity of photobionts in this lichen family was investigated using molecular markers amplified from DNA extracts of lichen thalli and cultured isolates to explore patterns of association between fungal and algal partners.
New insights into classification and evolution of the Lecanoromycetes (Pezizomycotina, Ascomycota) from phylogenetic analyses of three ribosomal RNA- and two protein-coding genes.
TLDR
The phylogenies confirm that ascus morphology cannot be applied consistently to shape the classification of lichen-forming fungi and conclude that a phylogenetic synthesis for a chosen taxonomic group should include a comprehensive assessment of phylogenetic confidence based on multiple estimates using different methods and on a progressive taxon sampling with an increasing number of taxa, even if it involves an increasing amount of missing data.
Extremotolerance in fungi: evolution on the edge.
TLDR
It is argued that traits present in some fungal groups, such as asexuality, synthesis of melanin-like pigments and a flexible morphology, are preadaptations that facilitate persistence and eventual adaptation to conditions on the ecological edge, as well as biotope switches.
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