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Epidemiology of the human circadian clock.
An algorithm is established which optimises chronotype assessment by incorporating the information on timing of sleep and wakefulness for both work and free days, because sleep duration strongly depends on chronotype. Expand
Comparison of the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire with the Horne‐Östberg's Morningness‐Eveningness score
The study shows that chronotype (based on MSF as measured by the MCTQ) strongly correlates with morningness‐eveningness (as measured with the MEQ), however, the M CTQ collects additional detailed information on sleep‐wake behavior under natural conditions. Expand
Delayed Circadian Rhythm in Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Chronic Sleep-Onset Insomnia
These findings demonstrate diurnal rhythm deviations during everyday life in the majority of adults with ADHD that have SOI and suggest that potential benefits of rhythm-improving measures should be evaluated. Expand
Depressed patients' perceptions of facial emotions in depressed and remitted states are associated with relapse: a longitudinal study.
The hypothesis that a bias toward the perception of others' facial emotions as negative is an enduring vulnerability factor to depression relapse and depressed mood amplifies this negative bias in perception is supported. Expand
Time-of-day-dependent effects of bright light exposure on human psychophysiology: comparison of daytime and nighttime exposure.
The effect of bright light given at two different times of day on psychological and physiological parameters was time independent, since nighttime and daytime bright light reduced sleepiness and fatigue significantly and similarly. Expand
Circadian control of the sleep–wake cycle
In spite of this rapid increase in knowledge of the circadian clock and of sleep regulatory processes, much remains to be discovered concerning the precise interaction between the biological clock and sleep timing. Expand
Ecological Energetics of the Kestrel: Field Estimates of Energy Intake throughout the Year
Daily metabolizable energy intake in winter showed large day-to-day variations, related to weather conditions since there are severe meteorological constraints on flight-hunting and in the reproductive season was constant over the active period. Expand
Gender-specific mechanisms associated with outcome of depression: perception of emotions, coping and interpersonal functioning
A propensity to perceive negative facial expressions may underlie the unfavourable course of depression, especially among women, and cognitions, coping strategies, and interpersonal functioning would be more likely to contribute to the prediction of outcome of depression among women than among men. Expand
Factors that influence standard automated perimetry test results in glaucoma: test reliability, technician experience, time of day, and season.
Technician experience, time of day, season, and the percentage of false-positive answers have a significant influence on the MD of standard automated perimetry in glaucoma. Expand
Time-and-place learning by garden warblers, Sylvia borin
Abstract The ability of birds to learn associations between temporal and spatial changes in the daily pattern of food availability was investigated. Five captive garden warblers were trained to goExpand