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Toward a phylogenetic classification of Primates based on DNA evidence complemented by fossil evidence.
A provisional primate classification based on DNA evidence and the time scale provided by fossils and the model of local molecular clocks has all named taxa represent clades and assigns the same taxonomic rank to those clades of roughly equivalent age. Expand
Phylogenetic relationships and divergence times among New World monkeys (Platyrrhini, Primates).
Divergence time estimations using both local molecular clock and Bayesian approaches suggest the families diverged from one another over a short period of geological time in the late Oligocene-early Miocene. Expand
Fitting the gene lineage into its species lineage
Analysis of amino acid sequence data from the alpha and beta hemoglobins and myoglobin suggests that the gene lineages deviate relatively little from established species relationships, and that most contemporary gene pairs in this phylogenetic system may be regarded as orthologous rather than paralogous. Expand
The genomic record of Humankind's evolutionary roots.
  • M. Goodman
  • Biology, Medicine
  • American journal of human genetics
  • 1999
Taxa above the genus level that are referred to in the text are indicated here in boldface and are relevant to this article. Expand
Implications of natural selection in shaping 99.4% nonsynonymous DNA identity between humans and chimpanzees: Enlarging genus Homo
Functional DNA evidence supports two previously offered taxonomic proposals: family Hominidae should include all extant apes; and genus Homo should include three extant species and two subgenera, Homo (Homo) sapiens (humankind), Homo (Pan) troglodytes (common chimpanzee), and Homo ( paniscus (bonobo chimpanzee). Expand
Phylogenetic relations of humans and African apes from DNA sequences in the psi eta-globin region.
Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences from the psi eta-globin locus in Pan troglodytes, gorilla, and Pongo pygmaeus indicated that human and chimpanzee are more closely related to each other than either is to gorilla and that the slowdown in the rate of sequence evolution evident in higher primates is especially pronounced in humans. Expand
Evolution of increased glia–neuron ratios in the human frontal cortex
Analysis of glia–neuron ratios across frontal areas 4, 9L, 32, and 44 in a sample of humans, chimpanzees, and macaque monkeys showed that regions involved in specialized human cognitive functions have not evolved differentially higher requirements for metabolic support. Expand
Molecular phylogeny of the New World monkeys (Platyrrhini, primates).
The sister-group relationships of Brachyteles and Lagothrix, Saguinus and Leontopithecus, and Callimico with a Cebuella/Callithrix clade is not as well supported by the parsimony and bootstrap analyses and is not incorporated in the proposed cladistic classification. Expand
Evolution of the mammalian placenta revealed by phylogenetic analysis.
Using phylogenetic and statistical analyses of molecular and morphological data, it is demonstrated that the ancestral eutherian mammalian placenta had the distinctive features of (i) hemochorial placental interface, (ii) a discoid shape, and (iii) a labyrinthine maternofetal interdigitation. Expand