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Proposal for a New Measure of Corruption, Illustrated with Italian Data
Standard cross-national measures of corruption are assembled through surveys. We propose a novel alternative objective measure that consists of the difference between a measure of the physicalExpand
Distributive Politics Around the World
We inventory more than 150 studies of distributive politics in more than three dozen countries other than the United States. We organize existing studies under two theories: theories of democraticExpand
Electoral Connections: The Effects of the Personal Vote on Political Patronage, Bureaucracy and Legislation in Postwar Italy
  • M. Golden
  • Economics
  • British Journal of Political Science
  • 17 March 2003
This article examines the relationship between the legislature and the public administration in postwar Italy (understood as the period from about 1948 through 1994). Italian public administration isExpand
Pork Barrel Politics in Postwar Italy, 1953-1994
This paper analyzes the political determinants of the distribution of infrastructure expenditures by the Italian government to the country’s 92 provinces between 1953 and 1994. Extending implicationsExpand
Incumbents and Criminals in the Indian National Legislature
Utilizing data on criminal charges lodged against candidates to the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Lok Sabha, India’s lower house of representatives, we study the conditions that resulted in approximatelyExpand
Union Centralization among Advanced Industrial Societies: An Empirical Study
An electronic transmission controller for determining the shift points of a powered vehicle with a plurality of forward and reverse gears and a neutral gear shift position wherein a throttle settingExpand
Electoral Systems, District Magnitude and Corruption
The relationship between electoral systems and corruption in a large sample of contemporary democratic nations is analysed in this article. Whereas previous studies have shown that closed-listExpand
The Dynamics of Trade Unionism and National Economic Performance.
I test two theories of the political processes of trade unions. The first argues that wage moderation depends on a centralized labor movement. The second contends that, institutional conditionsExpand
Unions, Employers' Associations, and Wage-Setting Institutions in Northern and Central Europe, 1950–1992
The eight countries examined in this study—Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden—have long been viewed as exemplifying “corporatist” industrial relationsExpand
Domestic and International Causes for the Rise of Pay Inequality: Post Industrialism, Globalization and Labor Market Institutions
We study the determinants of wage inequality in 16 OECD countries in the last two decades of the twentieth century. We find that these are quite different in the 1980s than in the 1990s. In theExpand