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Determinants of the decline in mortality from acute myocardial infarction in England between 2002 and 2010: linked national database study
Just over half of the decline in deaths from acute myocardial infarction during the 2000s in England can be attributed to a decline in event rate and just less than half to improved survival at 30 days. Expand
Inguinal hernia repair: incidence of elective and emergency surgery, readmission and mortality.
The lifetime 'risk' of inguinal hernia repair is high: at currently prevailing rates it is estimated at 27% for men and 3% for women, and there is significant elevation of mortality after emergency operations. Expand
Caesarean section is associated with an increased risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis of observational studies
This analysis demonstrates a 20% increase in the risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes after Caesarean section delivery that cannot be explained by known confounders. Expand
Elective total hip replacement: incidence, emergency readmission rate, and postoperative mortality.
The pronounced increase in operations in districts with initially low rates suggests a trend towards greater equity in the local provision of NHS hip arthroplasty. Expand
Schizophrenia and cancer: an epidemiological study.
No evidence is found that schizophrenia confers protection against cancer in general, and low rates of cancer are consistent with the hypothesis that sun exposure may influence the development of schizophrenia. Expand
Risk of self-harm and suicide in people with specific psychiatric and physical disorders: comparisons between disorders using English national record linkage
Many chronic physical illnesses are also associated with an increased risk of both self-harm and suicide, and identifying those at risk will allow provision of appropriate monitoring and support. Expand
Risk of venous thromboembolism in people admitted to hospital with selected immune-mediated diseases: record-linkage study
BackgroundVenous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication during and after a hospital admission. Although it is mainly considered a complication of surgery, it often occurs in people who haveExpand
Depression and anxiety in people with inflammatory bowel disease
The concentration of risk of depression or anxiety one year or less before diagnosis with UC suggests that the two psychiatric disorders might be a consequence of early symptoms of the as yet undiagnosed gastrointestinal condition. Expand
Hospital admission for acute pancreatitis in an English population, 1963-98: database study of incidence and mortality
Incidence rates for acute pancreatitis with admission to hospital rose in both men and women from 1963 to 1998, particularly among younger age groups, and mortality after admission has not declined since the 1970s. Expand
Mortality after hospital discharge for people with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder: retrospective study of linked English hospital episode statistics, 1999-2006
There is a need for better understanding of the reasons for the persistent and increasing gap in mortality between discharged psychiatric patients and the general population, and for continued action to target risk factors for both natural and unnatural causes of death in people with serious mental illness. Expand