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Avalanche photodiodes and quenching circuits for single-photon detection.
Avalanche photodiodes, which operate above the breakdown voltage in Geiger mode connected with avalanche-quenching circuits, can be used to detect single photons and are therefore called singlephotonExpand
Evolution and prospects for single-photon avalanche diodes and quenching circuits
Abstract The evolution of solid-state avalanche detectors of single optical photons is outlined and the issues for further progress are discussed. Physical phenomena that underlay the operation ofExpand
Progress in Silicon Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes
Silicon single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) are nowadays a solid-state alternative to photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) in single-photon counting (SPC) and time-correlated single-photon countingExpand
Progress in Quenching Circuits for Single Photon Avalanche Diodes
An ever wider variety of applications employ Single Photon Avalanche Diodes (SPADs) for the detection of faint optical signals. SPADs are p-n junction biased above the breakdown voltage and operateExpand
An innovative digital control architecture for low-Voltage, high-current DC-DC converters with tight voltage regulation
This paper describes an innovative digital control architecture for low-voltage, high-current dc-dc converters, based on a combination of current-programmed control and variable frequency operation.Expand
Autotuning of Digitally Controlled DC–DC Converters Based on Relay Feedback
This paper proposes a simple autotuning technique for digitally controlled dc-dc converters. The proposed approach is based on the relay feedback method and introduces perturbations on the outputExpand
Four Channel, 40 ps Resolution, Fully Integrated Time-to-Amplitude Converter for Time-Resolved Photon Counting
A four channel fully integrated time-to-amplitude converter (TAC), built in 0.35 μm Si-Ge technology, characterized by an excellent time resolution, low differential nonlinearity, and the very low crosstalk between channels makes the converter suitable for large scale multi-channel acquisition chains. Expand
New silicon SPAD technology for enhanced red-sensitivity, high-resolution timing and system integration
In this paper we present a new technology for the fabrication of Single Photon Avalanche Diodes (SPADs) aimed at combining the advantages of thin and thick SPADs. The new detector is manufactured inExpand
Monolithic active-quenching and active-reset circuit for single-photon avalanche detectors
A monolithic circuit has been designed for active-quenching and active-reset of single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs), which operate above the breakdown voltage V/sub BD/ for detecting singleExpand
Double epitaxy improves single-photon avalanche diode performance
A new single-proton avalanche diode (SPAD) with double-epitaxial silicon structure is presented. The device has a time response with short diffusion tail (270 ps time-constant), high resolution (45Expand