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"Mini-mental state". A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician.
A simplified, scored form of the cognitive mental status examination, the “Mini-Mental State” (MMS) which includes eleven questions, requires only 5-10 min to administer, and is therefore practical to use serially and routinely. Expand
Clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
The criteria proposed are intended to serve as a guide for the diagnosis of probable, possible, and definite Alzheimer's disease; these criteria will be revised as more definitive information becomes available. Expand
Clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: Report of the NINCDS—ADRDA Work Group under the auspices of Department of Health and Human Services Task Force on Alzheimer's Disease
Article abstract-Clinical criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease include insidious onset and progressive impairment of memory and other cognitive functions. There are no motor, sensory, orExpand
Population-based norms for the Mini-Mental State Examination by age and educational level.
Results presented should prove to be useful to clinicians who wish to compare an individual patient's MMSE scores with a population reference group and to researchers making plans for new studies in which cognitive status is a variable of interest. Expand
The Mini-Mental State Examination.
The Mini-Mental State Examination was designed as a clinical method for grading cognitive impairment and produces a score that can be used to follow the course of patients or as a case detection technique after cutoff scores are established. Expand
Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE).
La prueba tiene un puntaje total de 30 puntos en ítems que evalúan el rendimiento en orientación, memoria inmediata, atención y cálculo, lenguaje y praxis constructiva, y se obtiene sumando los puntajes asignados en cada ítem. Expand
Reliability, validity, and clinical application of the Visual Analogue Mood Scale.
The reliability and validity of the Visual Analogue Mood Scale (VAMS) has been demonstrated in both a military and a private psychiatric hospital, inpatient population. The repeated and concurrentExpand
Insulin, insulin-degrading enzyme and amyloid-β peptide in Alzheimer's disease: review and hypothesis
The current evidence suggests that hyperinsulinaemia may elevate Abeta through insulin's competition with Abeta for IDE, and the role of IDE in the pathogenesis of AD is reviewed, which may uncover potential treatment target. Expand
Limits of the 'Mini-Mental State' as a screening test for dementia and delirium among hospital patients.
The MMSE's value as a screen instrument for dementia and delirium when later, more intensive diagnostic enquiry is possible is confirmed; earlier suggestions that the MMSE alone cannot yield a diagnosis for these conditions are reinforced. Expand