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Impairment of actions chains in autism and its possible role in intention understanding
- L. Cattaneo, M. Fabbri-Destro, G. Rizzolatti
- Psychology, BiologyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 6 November 2007
It is proposed that high-functioning autistic children may understand the intentions of others cognitively but lack the mechanism for understanding them experientially, because of a functional impairment in typically developing children, whereas it is impaired in children with autism.
Cortical mechanisms underlying the organization of goal-directed actions and mirror neuron-based action understanding.
- G. Rizzolatti, L. Cattaneo, M. Fabbri-Destro, S. Rozzi
- Biology, PsychologyPhysiological Reviews
- 1 April 2014
A review of the anatomical and functional organization of the premotor and parietal areas of monkeys and humans shows that the parietal and frontal areas form circuits devoted to specific motor functions and how a specific neural mechanism is involved in understanding the action and intention of others.
Mirror neurons and their clinical relevance
This Review discusses the relationship between mirror mechanism impairment and some core symptoms of autism, and outlines the theoretical principles of neurorehabilitation strategies based on the mirror mechanism, which are related to some features of the environmental dependency syndromes.
The Dynamics of Sensorimotor Cortical Oscillations during the Observation of Hand Movements: An EEG Study
- P. Avanzini, M. Fabbri-Destro, Riccardo Dalla Volta, E. Daprati, G. Rizzolatti, G. Cantalupo
- Biology, PsychologyPloS one
- 18 May 2012
The authors' data show that the observation of motor acts determines a modulation of cortical rhythm analogous to that occurring during motor act execution, and provides strong evidence for the presence in humans of a mechanism (mirror mechanism) mapping action observation on action execution motor programs.
Planning actions in autism
The result showed that, unlike in TD children, in children with autism the kinematics of the first motor act was not modulated by the task difficulty, which strongly supports the notion thatChildren with autism have a deficit in chaining motor acts into a global action.
Mirror neurons and mirror systems in monkeys and humans.
Mirror neurons are a distinct class of neurons that transform specific sensory information into a motor format. Mirror neurons have been originally discovered in the premotor and parietal cortex of…
The Representation of Tool Use in Humans and Monkeys: Common and Uniquely Human Features
While the observation of a grasping hand activated similar regions in humans and monkeys, an additional specific sector of IPL devoted to tool use has evolved in Homo sapiens, although tool-specific neurons might reside in the monkey grasping regions.
Intention Understanding in Autism
The data show that understanding others' intentions can occur in two ways: by relying on motor information derived from the hand-object interaction, and by using functional informationderived from the object's standard use.
The mirror system and its role in social cognition
Coding observed motor acts: different organizational principles in the parietal and premotor cortex of humans.
- J. Jastorff, C. Begliomini, M. Fabbri-Destro, G. Rizzolatti, G. Orban
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of neurophysiology
- 1 July 2010
Functional MRI data provide indications that the phAIP region plays a role in categorizing motor acts according to their behavioral significance, and suggest that in the case of motor acts typically done with the hand, the representations of such acts inphAIP are used as templates for coding motor acts executed with other effectors.