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Predicting survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a graphic model.
TLDR
A graphic model that describes survival from sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest as a function of time intervals to critical prehospital interventions is developed and is useful in planning community EMS programs, comparing EMS systems, and showing how different arrival times within a system affect survival rate. Expand
Incidence of EMS-treated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Europe.
TLDR
A representative European incidence and survival from cardiac arrest in all-rhythms and in ventricular fibrillation treated by the emergency medical services (EMS) is determined and provides a framework to assess opportunities and limitations of EMS care with regard to the public health burden of cardiac Arrest in Europe. Expand
Causes of delay in seeking treatment for heart attack symptoms.
TLDR
The literature is reviewed and variables that increase patient delay are identified and a theoretical model based on the health belief model, a self regulation model of illness cognition, and interactionist role theory is proposed to explain the response of an individual to the signs and symptoms of acute myocardial infarction. Expand
Incidence of EMS-treated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the United States.
TLDR
A representative national incidence of emergency medical services (EMS)-treated all-rhythm and ventricular fibrillation (VF) SCA as well as survival is determined to assess opportunities and limitations of EMS care with regard to the public health burden of SCA. Expand
Cardiac arrest and resuscitation: a tale of 29 cities.
TLDR
It is speculated that early CPR permits definitive procedures, including defibrillation, medications, and intubation, to be more effective and hence survival appears to be highest in double-response systems because CPR is started early. Expand
Effect of a community intervention on patient delay and emergency medical service use in acute coronary heart disease: The Rapid Early Action for Coronary Treatment (REACT) Trial.
TLDR
In this study, despite an 18-month intervention, time from symptom onset to hospital arrival for patients with chest pain did not change differentially between groups, although increased appropriate EMS use occurred in intervention communities. Expand
Public locations of cardiac arrest. Implications for public access defibrillation.
TLDR
Placement of 276 AEDs in the 172 higher-incidence sites would have provided treatment for 134 cardiac arrest patients in a 5-year period, 60% of whom were in ventricular fibrillation. Expand
Incidence, Causes, and Survival Trends From Cardiovascular-Related Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Children and Young Adults 0 to 35 Years of Age: A 30-Year Review
TLDR
The incidence of OHCA in children and young adults is higher than previously reported, and a more specific understanding of the causes should guide future prevention programs and survival trends support contemporary resuscitation protocols forOHCA in the young. Expand
Prehospital-initiated vs hospital-initiated thrombolytic therapy. The Myocardial Infarction Triage and Intervention Trial.
TLDR
There was no improvement in outcome associated with initiating treatment before hospital arrival; however, treatment within 70 minutes of symptom onset--whether in the hospital or in the field--minimized the infarct process and its complications. Expand
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