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The Top 10 fungal pathogens in molecular plant pathology.
A short resumé of each fungus in the Top 10 list and its importance is presented, with the intent of initiating discussion and debate amongst the plant mycology community, as well as laying down a bench-mark.
Genomic Analysis of the Necrotrophic Fungal Pathogens Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Botrytis cinerea
Comparative genome analysis revealed the basis of differing sexual mating compatibility systems between S. sclerotiorum and B. cinerea, and shed light on the evolutionary and mechanistic bases of the genetically complex traits of necrotrophic pathogenicity and sexual mating.
Lifestyle transitions in plant pathogenic Colletotrichum fungi deciphered by genome and transcriptome analyses
Findings show that preinvasion perception of plant-derived signals substantially reprograms fungal gene expression and indicate previously unknown functions for particular fungal cell types.
Pseudomonas type III effector AvrPtoB induces plant disease susceptibility by inhibition of host programmed cell death
- R. B. Abramovitch, Young-Jin Kim, Shaorong Chen, M. Dickman, G. Martin
- Biology, MedicineThe EMBO journal
- 2 January 2003
It is reported that Pseudomonas AvrPtoB acts inside the plant cell to inhibit programmed cell death (PCD) initiated by the Pto and Cf9 disease resistance proteins and, remarkably, the pro‐apoptotic mouse protein Bax.
Arabidopsis Argonaute10 Specifically Sequesters miR166/165 to Regulate Shoot Apical Meristem Development
Use of mutants to demonstrate the role of oxalic acid in pathogenicity of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on Phaseolus vulgaris.
Oxalic acid is an elicitor of plant programmed cell death during Sclerotinia sclerotiorum disease development.
- Kyoung-Su Kim, J. Min, M. Dickman
- Biology, MedicineMolecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI
- 4 April 2008
It is shown that Sclerotinia spp.-secreted OA is an elicitor of PCD in plants and is responsible for induction of apoptotic-like features in the plant during disease development, which is essential for fungal pathogenicity and involves ROS.
Oxalic Acid, a Pathogenicity Factor for Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Suppresses the Oxidative Burst of the Host Plant
Data demonstrate that oxalate may inhibit a signaling step positioned upstream of oxidase assembly/activation but downstream of Ca2+ fluxes into the plant cell cytosol, and indicate that the inhibitory effects of oxalates are largely independent of both its acidity and its affinity for Ca2+.
Proline suppresses apoptosis in the fungal pathogen Colletotrichum trifolii.
- Changbin Chen, M. Dickman
- Biology, MedicineProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 1 March 2005
The ability of proline to scavenge intracellular ROS and inhibit ROS-mediated apoptosis may be an important and broad-based function of this amino acid in responding to cellular stress, in addition to its well established role as an osmolyte.
Identification of Pseudomonas syringae type III effectors that can suppress programmed cell death in plants and yeast.
- Yashitola Jamir, M. Guo, +6 authors J. Alfano
- Biology, MedicineThe Plant journal : for cell and molecular…
- 1 February 2004
These proteins functioned to inhibit the ability of the pro-apoptotic protein, Bax to induce PCD in plants and yeast, indicating that these effectors function as anti-PCD proteins in a trans-kingdom manner.