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Trypanosoma evansi and Surra: A Review and Perspectives on Origin, History, Distribution, Taxonomy, Morphology, Hosts, and Pathogenic Effects
Surra is a major disease in camels, equines, and dogs, in which it can often be fatal in the absence of treatment, and exhibits nonspecific clinical signs, which are variable from one host and one place to another; however, its immunosuppressive effects interfering with intercurrent diseases or vaccination campaigns might be its most significant and questionable aspect. Expand
Trypanosoma evansi and Surra: A Review and Perspectives on Transmission, Epidemiology and Control, Impact, and Zoonotic Aspects
A brief review of the basic knowledge of T. evansi suggests that there is renewed interest in the parasite, which is spreading and has a major economic impact. Expand
Livestock Trypanosomoses and Their Vectors in Latin America
Cette etude consacree aux trypanosomoses affectant le betail en Amerique latine, la premiere du genre, dresse un bilan complet de la situation entre 1990 et 1995 qui servira de reference pour toutesExpand
Trypanosoma (Duttonella) vivax: its biology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, and introduction in the New World--a review.
The two main immunological responses of trypanosome-infected animals - antibody production and immunodepression - are discussed in the context of how these responses play a role in disease tolerance or susceptibility. Expand
Biting flies and Trypanosoma vivax infection in three highland districts bordering lake Tana, Ethiopia.
Seasonal comparison showed higher fly catches in the late rainy season than the early dry season, which indicated that T. vivax infections culminate in cattle at the same time as mechanical vectors such as Stomoxys sp. Expand
Detection and identification of Trypanosoma of African livestock through a single PCR based on internal transcribed spacer 1 of rDNA.
Kin1 and Kin2 primers were shown to be suitable for the sensitive and type-specific diagnosis of African livestock trypanosome isolates through a single PCR even in the case of multi-taxa samples. Expand
Transmission of pathogens by Stomoxys flies (Diptera, Muscidae): a review
Being cosmopolite, Stomoxys calcitrans might have a worldwide and greater impact than previously thought on animal and human pathogen transmission. Expand
Applications of PCR-based tools for detection and identification of animal trypanosomes: a review and perspectives.
This paper aims to review the applications of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection and identification of trypanosomes in animals and recommends a multi-species-specific diagnostic protocol using a single PCR. Expand
Tabanids: neglected subjects of research, but important vectors of disease agents!
Impacts of tabanids include pathogen transmission, parasite transportation, biological transmission, and mechanical transmission of viruses, such as equine infectious anemia virus, protozoa, and bacteria, including viruses, bacteria and parasites. Expand
First phenotypic description of Fasciola hepatica/Fasciola gigantica intermediate forms from the human endemic area of the Nile Delta, Egypt.
Results indicate the presence of F. gigantica and intermediate forms (Fasciola sp.) in Egypt for the first time, and demonstrate the usefulness of CIAS for the phenotypic characterization of liver fluke adults from a concrete fascioliasis endemic area. Expand