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Individual differences in working memory and reading
Individual differences in reading comprehension may reflect differences in working memory capacity, specifically in the trade-off between its processing and storage functions. A poor reader's… Expand
How young and old adults listen to and remember speech in noise.
- M. Pichora-Fuller, B. Schneider, M. Daneman
- Physics, Medicine
- The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Two experiments using the materials of the Revised Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN-R) Test [Bilger et al., J. Speech Hear. Res. 27, 32-48 (1984)] were conducted to investigate age-related… Expand
Working memory and language comprehension: A meta-analysis
This paper presents a meta-analysis of the data from 6,179 participants in 77 studies that investigated the association between working-memory capacity and language comprehension ability. A primary… Expand
Individual differences in comprehending and producing words in context
Abstract Working memory capacity determines how well individuals can use context to both comprehend and produce words. When required to comprehend an unfamiliar word such as spaneria , individuals… Expand
Working memory as a predictor of verbal fluency
- M. Daneman
- 1 November 1991
This study investigated whether working memory capacity could account for individual differences in verbal fluency. Working memory was assessed by the speaking span test (Daneman & Green, 1986) that… Expand
Individual Differences in Integrating Information between and within Sentences.
Cette etude examine les differences individuelles dans la maniere dont les lecteurs integrent des mots successifs dans leur representation d'un texte. Elle met l'accent sur le role du travail… Expand
Does the information content of an irrelevant source differentially affect spoken word recognition in younger and older adults?
- L. Li, M. Daneman, J. Qi, B. Schneider
- Psychology, Medicine
- Journal of experimental psychology. Human…
- 1 December 2004
To determine whether older adults find it difficult to inhibit the processing of irrelevant speech, the authors asked younger and older adults to listen to and repeat meaningless sentences (e.g., "A… Expand
A new tool for measuring and understanding individual differences in the component processes of reading comprehension
We propose a new measure of individual differences in reading comprehension ability that is theoretically motivated, is easy to administer, and that has high predictive power. Participants read… Expand
Listening in aging adults: from discourse comprehension to psychoacoustics.
- B. Schneider, M. Daneman, M. Pichora-Fuller
- Psychology, Medicine
- Canadian journal of experimental psychology…
- 1 September 2002
Older adults, whether or not they have clinically significant hearing loss, have more trouble than their younger counterparts understanding speech in everyday life. These age-related difficulties in… Expand
How competing speech interferes with speech comprehension in everyday listening situations.
- B. Schneider, L. Li, M. Daneman
- Computer Science, Medicine
- Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
- 1 July 2007
We review what is known about informational masking of speech by competing speech, and the auditory and cognitive factors that determine its severity. Expand