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Individual differences in working memory and reading
Individual differences in reading comprehension may reflect differences in working memory capacity, specifically in the trade-off between its processing and storage functions. A poor reader'sExpand
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How young and old adults listen to and remember speech in noise.
Two experiments using the materials of the Revised Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN-R) Test [Bilger et al., J. Speech Hear. Res. 27, 32-48 (1984)] were conducted to investigate age-relatedExpand
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Working memory and language comprehension: A meta-analysis
This paper presents a meta-analysis of the data from 6,179 participants in 77 studies that investigated the association between working-memory capacity and language comprehension ability. A primaryExpand
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Individual differences in comprehending and producing words in context
Abstract Working memory capacity determines how well individuals can use context to both comprehend and produce words. When required to comprehend an unfamiliar word such as spaneria , individualsExpand
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Working memory as a predictor of verbal fluency
This study investigated whether working memory capacity could account for individual differences in verbal fluency. Working memory was assessed by the speaking span test (Daneman & Green, 1986) thatExpand
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Individual Differences in Integrating Information between and within Sentences.
Cette etude examine les differences individuelles dans la maniere dont les lecteurs integrent des mots successifs dans leur representation d'un texte. Elle met l'accent sur le role du travailExpand
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Does the information content of an irrelevant source differentially affect spoken word recognition in younger and older adults?
To determine whether older adults find it difficult to inhibit the processing of irrelevant speech, the authors asked younger and older adults to listen to and repeat meaningless sentences (e.g., "AExpand
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A new tool for measuring and understanding individual differences in the component processes of reading comprehension
We propose a new measure of individual differences in reading comprehension ability that is theoretically motivated, is easy to administer, and that has high predictive power. Participants readExpand
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Listening in aging adults: from discourse comprehension to psychoacoustics.
Older adults, whether or not they have clinically significant hearing loss, have more trouble than their younger counterparts understanding speech in everyday life. These age-related difficulties inExpand
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How competing speech interferes with speech comprehension in everyday listening situations.
We review what is known about informational masking of speech by competing speech, and the auditory and cognitive factors that determine its severity. Expand
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