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The phylum Cnidaria: A review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus
Systema Naturae includes representatives of every major lineage of the animal phylum Cnidaria. However, Linnaeus did not classify the members of the phylum as is now done, and the diversity of the… Expand
Hidden among Sea Anemones: The First Comprehensive Phylogenetic Reconstruction of the Order Actiniaria (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Hexacorallia) Reveals a Novel Group of Hexacorals
Sea anemones (order Actiniaria) are among the most diverse and successful members of the anthozoan subclass Hexacorallia, occupying benthic marine habitats across all depths and latitudes. Actiniaria… Expand
Gastrulation in the cnidarian Nematostella vectensis occurs via invagination not ingression.
Gastrulation is a central event in metazoan development, involving many cellular behaviors including invagination, delamination, and ingression. Understanding the cell biology underlying gastrulation… Expand
Toward a natural classification: phylogeny of acontiate sea anemones (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Actiniaria)
Acontia—nematocyst‐dense, thread‐like extensions of the mesenterial filaments―are the characteristic feature of the actiniarian group Acontiaria. Phylogenetic analyses have shown that acontiate taxa… Expand
Systematics of the Hexacorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa)
The composition of and relationships among higher-level groups within the anthozoan subclass Hexacorallia ( = Zoantharia) has been controversial because independent analyses of anatomy, life history,… Expand
Echinoderm phylogeny including Xyloplax, a progenetic asteroid.
Reconstruction of the phylogeny of the five extant classes of the phylum Echinodermata has proven difficult. Results concerning higher-level taxonomic relationships among echinoderms are sensitive to… Expand
Phylogenomic Analyses Support Traditional Relationships within Cnidaria
Cnidaria, the sister group to Bilateria, is a highly diverse group of animals in terms of morphology, lifecycles, ecology, and development. How this diversity originated and evolved is not well… Expand
Evolution of sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria: Hormathiidae) symbiotic with hermit crabs.
Sea anemones in genera Adamsia, Calliactis and Paracalliactis (family Hormathiidae) engage in a mutualistic symbiosis with hermit crabs in which the anemone gains substrate and food in exchange for… Expand
Tissue-Specific Venom Composition and Differential Gene Expression in Sea Anemones
Cnidarians represent one of the few groups of venomous animals that lack a centralized venom transmission system. Instead, they are equipped with stinging capsules collectively known as nematocysts.… Expand
Anatomy and Taxonomy of Three Species of Sea Anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae) from the Gulf of California, Including Isoaulactinia hespervolita Daly, n. sp.
- M. Daly
- 1 July 2004
Specimens of actiniarians from the Gulf of California having a column densely covered with vesicles or verrucae have been attributed to one of three species: Anthopleura dowii, Bunodactis mexicana,… Expand