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Reconstructing past fire regimes: methods, applications, and relevance to fire management and conservation
Biomass burning and resulting fire regimes are major drivers of vegetation changes and of ecosystem dynamics. Understanding past fire dynamics and their relationship to these factors is thus a keyExpand
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Long-term forest fire ecology and dynamics in southern Switzerland
1 Pollen and charcoal analysis at two lakes in southern Switzerland revealed that fire has had a prominent role in changing the woodland composition of this area for more than 7000 years. 2Expand
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Correcting non-linearity and slope effects in the estimation of the leaf area index of forests from hemispherical photographs
The leaf area index (LAI) of forest canopies can be estimated indirectly by measuring their light transmission, either with a specific sensor or by hemispherical photographs. The angle at which theExpand
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Climatic change and contemporaneous land-use phases north and south of the Alps 2300 BC to 800 AD
Fluctuations in the Δ14C curve and subsequent gaps of archaeological findings at 800–650 and 400–100 BC in western and central Europe may indicate major climate-driven land-abandonment phases. ToExpand
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Quaternary refugia of the sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.): an extended palynological approach
Knowledge about the glacial refugia of the thermophilous European Castanea sativa Mill. (sweet chestnut) is still inadequate. Its original range of distribution has been masked by strong humanExpand
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Fire ecology north and south of the Alps since the last ice age
Wildfires are very rare in central Europe, which is probably why fire effects on vegetation have been neglected by most central European ecologists and palaeoecologists. Presently, reconstructions ofExpand
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Distribution and economic potential of the Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) in Europe
No official and coherent data on the distribution of the European chestnut exist despite its wide range of distribution and the important economic role it has played in many countries. In 1997, inExpand
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The cultivation of Castanea sativa (Mill.) in Europe, from its origin to its diffusion on a continental scale
The history of Castanea sativa (sweet chestnut) cultivation since medieval times has been well described on the basis of the very rich documentation available. Far fewer attempts have been made toExpand
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Castanea sativa in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats
The sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) is the only native species of the genus in Europe. The broad diffusion and active management by man resulted in the establishment of the species at theExpand
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Microsatellite-based characterization of the Castanea sativa cultivar heritage of southern Switzerland.
Southern Switzerland has a long tradition of chestnut cultivation as a staple food. Local inhabitants constantly selected varieties according to the ripening period, the type of use, and theExpand
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