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The genome of a Late Pleistocene human from a Clovis burial site in western Montana
The genome sequence of a male infant recovered from the Anzick burial site in western Montana is sequenced and it is shown that the gene flow from the Siberian Upper Palaeolithic Mal’ta population into Native American ancestors is also shared by the AnZick-1 individual and thus happened before 12,600 years bp.
The earliest record of human activity in northern Europe
Flint artefacts from the Cromer Forest-bed Formation at Pakefield, Suffolk, UK, from an interglacial sequence yielding a diverse range of plant and animal fossils are reported and indicate that they date to the early part of the Brunhes Chron and thus represent the earliest unequivocal evidence for human presence north of the Alps.
Characterisation of microbial attack on archaeological bone.
Pathogens and host immunity in the ancient human oral cavity
This work reports the first, to their knowledge, high-resolution taxonomic and protein functional characterization of the ancient oral microbiome and demonstrates that the oral cavity has long served as a reservoir for bacteria implicated in both local and systemic disease.
The survival of organic matter in bone: a review
If bone is considered as a composite of collagen (protein) and bioapatite (mineral), then three pathways of diagenesis are identified: (1) chemical deterioration of the organic phase; (2) chemical…
Species identification by analysis of bone collagen using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
- M. Buckley, M. Collins, J. Thomas-Oates, Julie Wilson
- BiologyRapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM
- 15 December 2009
A robust method of analysing genus-specific collagen peptides by mass spectrometry simply by using solid-phase extraction (a C18 ZipTip) for peptide purification, rather than liquid chromatography/mass Spectrometry (LC/MS).
The half-life of DNA in bone: measuring decay kinetics in 158 dated fossils
- M. Allentoft, M. Collins, M. Bunce
- BiologyProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological…
- 7 December 2012
It is shown that nuclear DNA has degraded at least twice as fast as mtDNA, a baseline for predicting long-term DNA survival in bone, and considerable sample-to-sample variance in DNA preservation could not be accounted for by geologic age.
Biology of living brachiopods
The thermal history of human fossils and the likelihood of successful DNA amplification.
Age estimation: The state of the art in relation to the specific demands of forensic practise
Here a biochemical method based on aspartic acid racemization in dentine provides the most accurate estimates of age, followed by special morphological dental and skeletal methods.