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The human milk microbiome changes over lactation and is shaped by maternal weight and mode of delivery.
TLDR
The results indicate that milk bacteria are not contaminants and suggest that the milk microbiome is influenced by several factors that significantly skew its composition, which emphasize the necessity to understand the biological role that the Milk microbiome could potentially play for human health.
Human gut colonisation may be initiated in utero by distinct microbial communities in the placenta and amniotic fluid
TLDR
It is proposed that the stepwise microbial gut colonisation process may be initiated already prenatally by a distinct microbiota in the placenta and amniotic fluid, and the link between the mother and the offspring is continued after birth by microbes present in breast milk.
The composition of the gut microbiota throughout life, with an emphasis on early life
TLDR
A review discusses recent studies on the early colonization and factors influencing this process which impact on health and an adequate establishment of microbiota and its maintenance throughout life would reduce the risk of disease in early and late life.
Distinct composition of gut microbiota during pregnancy in overweight and normal-weight women.
TLDR
Gut microbiota composition and weight are linked, and mother's weight gain is affected by microbiota, and microbiota modification before and during pregnancy may offer new directions for preventive and therapeutic applications in reducing the risk of overweight and obesity.
Early differences in fecal microbiota composition in children may predict overweight.
TLDR
Aberrant compositional development of the gut microbiota precedes overweight, offering new possibilities for preventive and therapeutic applications in weight management.
Gut microbiota composition is associated with body weight, weight gain and biochemical parameters in pregnant women
TLDR
Gut microbiota composition is related to body weight, weight gain and metabolic biomarkers during pregnancy, which might be of relevance to the management of the health of women and infants.
Adhesion and aggregation properties of probiotic and pathogen strains
TLDR
The results indicate that the ability to autoaggregate, together with cell-surface hydrophobicity and coaggregation abilities with pathogen strains can be used for preliminary screening in order to identify potentially probiotic bacteria suitable for human or animal use.
Specific duodenal and faecal bacterial groups associated with paediatric coeliac disease
TLDR
Duodenal and faecal microbiota is unbalanced in children with untreated coeliac disease and only partially restored after long-term treatment with a GFD, constituting a novel factor linked to this disorder.
Interplay Between Weight Loss and Gut Microbiota Composition in Overweight Adolescents
TLDR
It is indicated that calorie restriction and physical activity have an impact on gut microbiota composition related to body weight loss, which also seem to be influenced by the individual's microbiota.
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