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The human milk microbiome changes over lactation and is shaped by maternal weight and mode of delivery.
BACKGROUND Breast milk is recognized as the most important postpartum element in metabolic and immunologic programming of health of neonates. The factors influencing the milk microbiome and theExpand
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Human gut colonisation may be initiated in utero by distinct microbial communities in the placenta and amniotic fluid
Interaction with intestinal microbes in infancy has a profound impact on health and disease in later life through programming of immune and metabolic pathways. We collected maternal faeces, placenta,Expand
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Gut microbiota composition is associated with body weight, weight gain and biochemical parameters in pregnant women
Obesity is associated with complications during pregnancy and increased health risks in the newborn. The objective of the present study was to establish possible relationships between gut microbiota,Expand
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Adhesion and aggregation properties of probiotic and pathogen strains
Autoaggregation has been correlated with adhesion, which is known to be a prerequisite for colonization and infection of the gastrointestinal tract by many pathogens. The coaggregation properties ofExpand
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The composition of the gut microbiota throughout life, with an emphasis on early life
Abstract The intestinal microbiota has become a relevant aspect of human health. Microbial colonization runs in parallel with immune system maturation and plays a role in intestinal physiology andExpand
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Early differences in fecal microbiota composition in children may predict overweight.
BACKGROUND Experimental studies suggest that gut microbiota deviations predispose toward energy storage and obesity. OBJECTIVE We wanted to establish whether early gut microbiota composition canExpand
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Distinct composition of gut microbiota during pregnancy in overweight and normal-weight women.
BACKGROUND Results of experimental studies suggest that deviations in gut microbiota composition predispose to excessive energy storage and obesity. The mother influences the original inoculum andExpand
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Extensive Unexplored Human Microbiome Diversity Revealed by Over 150,000 Genomes from Metagenomes Spanning Age, Geography, and Lifestyle
Summary The body-wide human microbiome plays a role in health, but its full diversity remains uncharacterized, particularly outside of the gut and in international populations. We leveraged 9,428Expand
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Specific duodenal and faecal bacterial groups associated with paediatric coeliac disease
Aims: To identify specific gut bacteria associated with coeliac disease (CD) at diagnosis and after treatment with a gluten-free diet (GFD) in a paediatric population. Methods: 30 and 18 faecalExpand
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Interplay Between Weight Loss and Gut Microbiota Composition in Overweight Adolescents
The aim of this study was to determine the influence of an obesity treatment program on the gut microbiota and body weight of overweight adolescents. Thirty‐six adolescents (13–15 years), classifiedExpand
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