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The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats
Overall spatial and temporal patterns of species diversity and major changes and threats were assessed, and temporal trends indicated that overexploitation and habitat loss have been the main human drivers of historical changes in biodiversity.
Widespread crown condition decline, food web disruption, and amplified tree mortality with increased climate change-type drought
It is found that defoliation trends are paralleled by significant increases in tree mortality rates in drier areas that are related to tree density and temperature effects, creating long-term disruptive effects of drought on food webs.
An inverse latitudinal gradient in speciation rate for marine fishes
It is shown that the fastest rates of speciation occur in species-poor regions outside the tropics, and that high-latitude fish lineages form new species at much faster rates than their tropical counterparts.
A Census of Marine Biodiversity Knowledge, Resources, and Future Challenges
A global review of gaps in marine biodiversity knowledge and resources is overdue because society and many scientists believe the authors have discovered most species, or that doing so is out of fashion except when new technologies are employed.
The Mediterranean Sea under siege: spatial overlap between marine biodiversity, cumulative threats and marine reserves
Aim A large body of knowledge exists on individual anthropogenic threats that have an impact on marine biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea, although we know little about how these threats
Novel index for quantification of ecosystem effects of fishing as removal of secondary production
The L index is applied here to several ecosystems worldwide using landings data and ecological models, providing quantification of the disrup- tion of energy flows for ecosystems subjected to different types and levels of fishing pressure.
Management Effectiveness of the World's Marine Fisheries
A global analysis shows that fishery management worldwide is lagging far behind international standards, and that the conversion of scientific advice into policy, through a participatory and