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Foliar and ecosystem respiration in an old-growth tropical rain forest.
The ecosystem respiration estimate from component fluxes was 33% greater than night-time net ecosystem exchange for the same forest, suggesting that studies reporting a large carbon sink for tropical rain forests based solely on eddy flux measurements may be in error. Expand
Wood CO2 efflux in a primary tropical rain forest
Wood CO2 efflux showed no evidence of seasonality over 2 years and was highest for the N-fixing dominant tree species Pentaclethra macroloba, followed by other tree species, lianas, then palms, and small diameter FA increased steeply with increasing height, and large diameterFA increased with diameter. Expand
Height is more important than light in determining leaf morphology in a tropical forest.
Both within and between species, leaf physiological parameters are strongly related to leaf dry mass per area (LMA, g/m2), which has been found to increase from forest floor to canopy top in everyExpand
Comparative water use of native and invasive plants at multiple scales: a global meta-analysis.
This study presents the first in-depth analysis of the water use of invasive and native plants of the same growth form at multiple scales: leaf, plant, and ecosystem, and found that invasive-dominated ecosystems were more likely to have higher sap flow rates per unit ground area than native- dominated ecosystems. Expand
Urgent need for warming experiments in tropical forests.
It is concluded that manipulative warming experiments are vital to accurately predict future tropical forest carbon balance and recommended the establishment of a network of comparable studies spanning gradients of precipitation, edaphic qualities, plant types, and/or land use change. Expand
Tropical forest carbon balance in a warmer world: a critical review spanning microbial‐ to ecosystem‐scale processes
  • T. Wood, M. Cavaleri, S. Reed
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical…
  • 1 November 2012
It is found that, while there is the strong potential for temperature to affect processes related to C cycling and storage in tropical forests, a notable lack of data combined with the physical, biological and chemical diversity of the forests themselves make it difficult to resolve this issue with certainty. Expand
Wood CO(2) efflux and foliar respiration for Eucalyptus in Hawaii and Brazil.
Interference with CO(2) efflux through bark that decouples CO( 2) Efflux from respiration through bark is suggested by the results of measurements for Eucalyptus in Hawaii and Brazil. Expand
Hybrid poplar and forest soil response to municipal and industrial by-products: a greenhouse study.
Biosolids, boiler ash, and the co-application of biosolids and boiler ash together on forest soils were as beneficial to plant growth as inorganic fertilizers. Expand
How vertical patterns in leaf traits shift seasonally and the implications for modeling canopy photosynthesis in a temperate deciduous forest.
The data are consistent with the hypothesis that hydrostatic constraints on leaf morphology drive the vertical increase in LMA with height early in the growing season; however, LMA in the upper canopy continued to increase over time during light acclimation, indicating that light is primarily driving gradients in L MA later in thegrowing season. Expand
Acclimation and adaptation components of the temperature dependence of plant photosynthesis at the global scale.
A summary model to represent photosynthetic temperature responses was developed and showed that it predicted the observed global variation in optimal temperatures with high accuracy, which should enable improved prediction of the function of global ecosystems in a warming climate. Expand