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Linearity and Normalization in Simple Cells of the Macaque Primary Visual Cortex
TLDR
A normalization model is proposed, which extends the linear model of simple cells in the primary visual cortex to include mutual shunting inhibition among a large number of cortical cells, and its effect in the model is to normalize the linear responses by a measure of stimulus energy. Expand
Normalization as a canonical neural computation
TLDR
Normalization was developed to explain responses in the primary visual cortex and is now thought to operate throughout the visual system, and in many other sensory modalities and brain regions, suggesting that it serves as a canonical neural computation. Expand
Somatosensory Integration Controlled by Dynamic Thalamocortical Feed-Forward Inhibition
TLDR
It is shown that in the rodent barrel cortex, the temporal window for integration of thalamic inputs is under the control of thalamocortical feed-forward inhibition and can vary from 1 to 10 ms. Expand
Orientation tuning of input conductance, excitation, and inhibition in cat primary visual cortex.
TLDR
The input conductance of cells in the cat primary visual cortex (V1) has been shown recently to grow substantially during visual stimulation, suggesting that the intracortical synaptic inputs to simple cells of cat V1 originate from cells with similar orientation tuning. Expand
Membrane Potential and Firing Rate in Cat Primary Visual Cortex
TLDR
Gain and threshold are suggested to be constant under all conditions because they are unaffected by visual stimulation and by adaptation, and accounted for the sharpening of orientation tuning of the spike responses relative to that of the membrane potential. Expand
Local Origin of Field Potentials in Visual Cortex
TLDR
The orientation selectivity of stimulus-evoked LFP signals in primary visual cortex is determined and a quantitative estimate indicates that LFPs are more local than often recognized and provides a guide to the interpretation of the increasing number of studies that rest on LFP recordings. Expand
The Suppressive Field of Neurons in Lateral Geniculate Nucleus
TLDR
The suppressive field is characterized and found that it is similar in size to the surround of the classical receptive field, it is not selective for stimulus orientation, and it responds to a wide range of frequencies, including very low spatial frequencies and high temporal frequencies. Expand
Transgenic Mice for Intersectional Targeting of Neural Sensors and Effectors with High Specificity and Performance
TLDR
These novel transgenic lines greatly expand the ability to monitor and manipulate neuronal activities with increased specificity, and develop driver and double reporter mouse lines and viral vectors using the Cre/Flp and Cre/Dre double recombinase systems. Expand
Diverse coupling of neurons to populations in sensory cortex
TLDR
Recordings from the visual cortex of mouse and monkey are used to investigate the relationship between individual neurons and the population, and to establish the underlying circuit mechanisms, showing that neighbouring neurons can differ in their coupling to the overall firing of the population. Expand
Normalization as a canonical neural computation
TLDR
On page 52 of this article, in the legend for figure 1, the text “lower concentrations are shown by lighter colours” should have read “ lower concentrations are show by darker colours’. Expand
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