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When Data Sharing Gets Close to 100%: What Human Paleogenetics Can Teach the Open Science Movement
Analysis of data sharing regarding mitochondrial, Y chromosomal and autosomal polymorphisms in a total of 162 papers on ancient human DNA published between 1988 and 2013 implies that researchers’ awareness of the importance of openness and transparency for scientific progress may complement stakeholders’ policies in achieving very high sharing rates.
Perspectives on Open Science and Scientific Data Sharing: An Interdisciplinary Workshop
- G. Destro Bisol, P. Anagnostou, G. Boulton
- EducationJournal of anthropological sciences = Rivista di…
- 19 June 2014
Introducing arguments from social sciences and humanities in the educational dissemination of open data may help students become more profoundly engaged with Open Science and look at science from a broader perspective.
Linguistic, geographic and genetic isolation: a collaborative study of Italian populations.
- M. Capocasa, P. Anagnostou, G. Destro Bisol
- BiologyJournal of anthropological sciences = Rivista di…
The human genetic diversity of Italy was found to be greater than observed throughout the continent at short and intermediate distances, and accounted for most of the highest values of genetic distances observed at all geographic ranges.
Mine, Yours, Ours? Sharing Data on Human Genetic Variation
A total of 543 mitochondrial and Y chromosomal datasets reported in 508 papers indexed in the Pubmed database from 2008 to 2011 were analyzed, finding a substantially lower sharing in medical than evolutionary and forensic genetics and suggesting that an important portion of research funding does not produce shared knowledge.
Detecting Genetic Isolation in Human Populations: A Study of European Language Minorities
Simulations of micro-evolutionary scenarios indicate that ethnicity might have been important in increasing genetic diversity among these culturally related and spatially close populations.
Demographic Histories, Isolation and Social Factors as Determinants of the Genetic Structure of Alpine Linguistic Groups
New high resolution data concerning Y chromosomal variation in three distinct Alpine ethno-linguistic groups, Italian, Ladin and German are presented and it is observed that the genetic differentiation of Ladins and German speakers from Europeans is comparable or even greater to that observed for well known outliers like Sardinian and Basques.
The ethics of investigating cultural and genetic diversity of minority groups.
By involving the communities being investigated and engaging in a frequent and fruitful dialogue with their members will make it possible for anthropologists to learn more and also provide useful answers for the populations themselves.
Open data, Science and Society: launching Oasis, the flagship initiative of the Istituto Italiano di Antropologia.
Reevaluating a Model of Gender-Biased Gene Flow among Sub-Saharan Hunter-Gatherers and Farmers
The results seem to reflect differences in the demographic history and the degree of patrilocality and polygyny between the two population groups, thus providing further support to the microevolutionary model in an anthropologically coherent framework.
Samples and data accessibility in research biobanks: an explorative survey
Analysis of informative answers suggested that the different modalities of resource accessibility seem to be largely influenced by both social context and legislation of the countries where the biobanks operate.