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The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain
Preface 1. Biology of locusts and grasshoppers 2. Anatomy of the nervous system 3. Components of the nervous system 4. Development of the nervous system 5. Neurotransmitters, neuromodulators andExpand
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Reflex Effects of the Femoral Chordotonal Organ Upon Leg Motor Neurones of the Locust
The femoral chordotonal organ (FCO) in a hind leg of a locust monitors the position and movement of the tibia about the femur. It consists of a group of sensory neurones embedded in connective tissueExpand
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Serotonin Mediates Behavioral Gregarization Underlying Swarm Formation in Desert Locusts
Desert locusts, Schistocerca gregaria, show extreme phenotypic plasticity, transforming between a little-seen solitarious phase and the notorious swarming gregarious phase depending on populationExpand
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Parallel processing of proprioceptive signals by spiking local interneurons and motor neurons in the locust
  • M. Burrows
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The Journal of neuroscience : the official…
  • 1 April 1987
The connections made by afferents from a proprioceptor at the femorotibial joint in a hind leg of a locust, the femoral chordotonal organ (FCO), were determined by making intracellular recordingsExpand
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Monosynaptic connexions between wing stretch receptors and flight motoneurones of the locust.
  • M. Burrows
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The Journal of experimental biology
  • 1 February 1975
1. The connexions between stretch receptors of the wings and motoneurones innervating flight muscles have been studied anatomically and physiologically. 2. Filling with cobaltous chloride shows thatExpand
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Substantial changes in central nervous system neurotransmitters and neuromodulators accompany phase change in the locust
SUMMARY Desert locusts (Schistocerca gregaria) can undergo a profound transformation between solitarious and gregarious forms, which involves widespread changes in behaviour, physiology andExpand
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Biomechanics: Froghopper insects leap to new heights
  • M. Burrows
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Nature
  • 31 July 2003
We show that froghoppers (spittle bugs) are in fact the real champions and that they achieve their supremacy by using a novel catapult mechanism for jumping. Expand
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The Mechanism of Rapid Running in the Ghost Crab, Ocypode Ceratophthalma
1. Ocypode ceratophthalma has a maximum speed of 2.1 m/sec when running on a measured track with a base of hard-packed sand. Speed increases linearly with the width of the carapace up to a certainExpand
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The kinematics and neural control of high-speed kicking movements in the locust.
The tibiae of locust hind legs can be extended fully in a kick in 3 ms with peak angular velocities of at least 80 degrees ms(-1). If the mass of the distal part of the leg is halved, then theExpand
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Proprioceptive inputs to nonspiking local interneurons contribute to local reflexes of a locust hindleg
Local reflexes of a leg of the locust Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) can be elicited by selective stimulation of a proprioceptor (the femoral chordotonal organ) at the femorotibial joint. MotorExpand
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