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Songbirds use spectral shape, not pitch, for sound pattern recognition
It is shown that melody recognition can generalize even in the absence of pitch, as long as the spectral shapes of the constituent tones are preserved, challenging conventional views regarding the use of pitch cues in nonhuman auditory sequence recognition.
Investigating the human-specificity of synchronization to music
Data from an experimental study of synchronization to music in a Sulphur-crested cockatoo, “Snowball”, who spontaneously dances in response to certain music is presented, demonstrating that a nonhuman animal can synchronize to a musical beat, though with limited reliability and tempo flexibility.
Studying Synchronization to a Musical Beat in Nonhuman Animals
Questions about spontaneous synchronization to music in a nonhuman animal and some refinements to the “vocal learning and rhythmic synchronization hypothesis” are addressed.
Fear as a strategy: effects and impact within the organization
The use of reinforcement and punishment have been studied extensively in laboratory and organizational settings. It has been found that positive reinforcement is the most effective way to achieve the
A method for testing synchronization to a musical beat in domestic horses (Equus ferus caballus)
A new method for testing whether horses can synchronize their trotting to a musical beat is presented, including an illustration of data analysis based on data collected from one horse and a new species for the comparative study of musical rhythm is presented.
Melodic and contextual similarity of folk song phrases
Various models of melodic similarity have been proposed and assessed in perceptual experiments. Contour and pitch content variables haven been favoured although music-theoretical and statistical