• Publications
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Defensive behavior of honey bees: organization, genetics, and comparisons with other bees.
Comparisons between A. mellifera and other species of Apis, as well as with allodapine, halictine, bombine, and meliponine bees, illustrate the wide variety of evolutionary solutions to problems in colony defense in the Apoidea.
Pheromone Communication in Social Insects
This book discusses Nestmate Recognition in Social Insects, Releaser Pheromones in Termites, and the Role of Releasers and Primers in Mass Action in Honey Bees.
Inclusive fitness theory and eusociality
It is argued that inclusive fitness theory has been of little value in explained the natural world, and that it has led to negligible progress in explaining the evolution of eusociality, but these arguments are based upon a misunderstanding of evolutionary theory and a misrepresentation of the empirical literature.
The guard honey bee: ontogeny and behavioural variability of workers performing a specialized task
There was intercolonial variation in all aspects of the ontogeny of guarding and in allocation of workers to guarding and this variation is discussed in the light of other studies of variation in worker behaviour.
Testing the blank slate hypothesis: why honey bee colonies accept young bees
Newly emerged adult honeybees gain tolerance in their colony before their acquisition of the colony recognition phenotype by presenting a blank slate, absent recognition cues, which makes them generically acceptable in honey bee colonies.
Division of labor during honey bee colony defense
A model for honey bee colony defense involving at least two distinct groups of workers is developed and it is proposed that the non-guard defenders be called “soldiers”, due to their important role in colony defense.
Nestmate recognition in honey bees
  • M. Breed
  • Biology
    Animal Behaviour
  • 1 February 1983
The experiments described in this paper support the contention that the recognition cue is acquired prior to emergence as an adult, and suggest that the cue probably has a genetic, rather than an environmental, source.
The nature and evolution of social recognition in honey bees, Apis is explored and basic issues concerning kin and other types of recognition are not yet resolved.
Kin discrimination within honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies: An analysis of the evidence
It is concluded that while selection may favor discrimination between supersisters and half-sisters, as a practical matter such discriminations play no role, or only a minor role, in the biology of the honey bee.
Olfactory information processing in honeybee, Apis mellifera, nestmate recognition
Nestmate recognition was used as a model system for testing how animals discriminate complex odour mixtures and it was found that if any one of five compounds in a template applied to a guard bee was absent on another bee, then the guard was unlikely to identify that bee as a colony member.