Measuring emotion: the Self-Assessment Manikin and the Semantic Differential.
Affective Norms for English Words (ANEW): Instruction Manual and Affective Ratings
depressed individuals recalled fewer positive words than did their taken from the Affective Norms for English. Words list (ANEW, Bradley Affective norms for English words (ANEW): Instruction manual…
Looking at pictures: affective, facial, visceral, and behavioral reactions.
Responsibility specificity, particularly facial expressiveness, supported the view that specific affects have unique patterns of reactivity, and consistency of the dimensional relationships between evaluative judgments and physiological response emphasizes that emotion is fundamentally organized by these motivational parameters.
Emotion and motivation I: defensive and appetitive reactions in picture processing.
The findings suggest that affective responses serve different functions-mobilization for action, attention, and social communication-and reflect the motivational system that is engaged, its intensity of activation, and the specific emotional context.
Brain potentials in affective picture processing: covariation with autonomic arousal and affective report
Affective picture processing: the late positive potential is modulated by motivational relevance.
- H. Schupp, B. Cuthbert, M. Bradley, J. Cacioppo, T. Ito, P. Lang
- 1 March 2000
The data support the view that late positivity to affective pictures is modulated both by their intrinsic motivational significance and the evaluative context of picture presentation.
Motivated attention: Affect, activation, and action.
Emotion, attention, and the startle reflex.
The startle response (an aversive reflex) is enhanced during a fear state and is diminished in a pleasant emotional context and the effect is found when affects are prompted by pictures or memory images, changes appropriately with aversive conditioning, and may be dependent on right-hemisphere processing.
The pupil as a measure of emotional arousal and autonomic activation.
Pupillary changes during picture viewing covaried with skin conductance change, supporting the interpretation that sympathetic nervous system activity modulates these changes in the context of affective picture viewing.